Geography Test Questions

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Practice Sample Questions

Section A: Data Response Questions (DRQs) [5 marks]

1. Figure 1 shows the fertility rate of women (by regions) from 1950 to 2020.

Figure 1
Source: Ithaca College Gerontology Institute

a.Compare the changes in the fertility rates of women in the three listed areas (world, more developed region and less developed region) from 1950 to 2020. [3]

Point (0.5m)
The fertility rates of women in all three areas/regions have fallen over the years from 1950 to 2020 (projected). Supporting data (0.5m)
The fertility rate of women in the world region has fallen drastically from 4.9 per woman in 1950 to 2.5 per woman in 2020, almost halving (fall of 49%). This is matched by the decline in fertility rate of the less developed regions from 6.1 in 1950 to 2.5 per woman in 2020 (fall of 59%). For developed regions, the fertility rate fell from 2.8 per woman in 1950 to 2.1 per woman in 2020 (fall of 25%).

Point (0.5m)
The fertility rates of women in less developed region and in the world region has declined at a faster pace as compared to the fertility rate of women in developed region. Supporting data (0.5m)
This is supported by the earlier set of data shown in that fertility rates in the less developed region and the world region declining more drastically at 59% and 49% as compared to developed region’s decline at 25% between the years of 1950 and 2020.

Point (0.5m)
While the fertility rates of women in less developed region and in the world region have been declining continuously between 1950 and 2025 the fertility rates of women in developed region has dipped between 1950 and 2000 and begun to increase (rebounded slightly) from 2000 to 2020 Supporting data (0.5m)

This is seen in the decline in fertility rates from 6.1 to 2.5 per woman for less developed region and from 4.9 to 2.5 per woman for the world region while the fertility rates of women in developed region has dipped between 1950 and 2000 (from 2.8 to 2.0 per woman) and begun to increase from 2000 to 2020 (from 2.0 to 2.1)

Point (0.5m)
Fertility rate of the less developed region is always greater than the developed region since 1950 although the gap between them is narrowing, leading to a gradual convergence in the fertility rates. Supporting data (0.5m)

In 1950, there is a difference of 3.2 per woman between the developed region and the less developed region and by 2020 there is a projection of a difference of 0.4 per woman between the developed region and the less developed region.

Point (0.5m)
Fertility rate of the less developed region gradually converge with the fertility of the world region over time (from 1950 to 2020), achieving the same fertility rate by 2020. Supporting data (0.5m) In 1950, there is a difference of 1.2 children per woman between the less developed region and the world region and by 2020 there is a projection of no difference between the two regions, with both regions achieving 2.5 per woman in 2020.

Any of the three points (including the first ‘big picture’ point)

b.Explain two reasons for the changes in fertility rate in the less developed region from 1960 to 2010.[2]

· With improved healthcare (0.5m), which refers to better medicine available, many couples may feel that it is not necessary to have many children to ensure some will survive to adulthood. Hence, over time, fertility rate falls (0.5m). · As the less developed countries economically develop or industrialise (0.5m) and become less agrarian in nature/fewer people are working in the farms, there is less need for children to work as free labour in the farms for the parents. Hence, over time, fertility rate will fall (0.5m).

· With the development of the less developed countries, there are more educational opportunities for women or more equality for women...
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