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Geography of Greece

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  • April 2008
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There were many factors that affected the development of Greece. One of them was geography. Geography affected the development of Greece in positive and negative ways. The geography that had the most affect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains.

First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. It was comfortable to be outside almost all year round. This made it easy for the Greeks to have an outdoor life. The Greeks met for gatherings, shows, meetings, and athletic events outside. The climate in Greece was a great advantage to the Greek people and the development of Greek society.

Secondly, Greece was very close to the sea. The land farthest from the sea was only 85 miles away. The sea provided and excellent way for the Greeks to travel and trade. The Greeks were able to establish colonies all throughout the Mediterranean Sea. However, there was very little farmland because there was so much water around the land. The sea provided advantages and disadvantages for the Greeks.

Finally, Greece had many mountains. These mountains also provided a problem with farming. The land that wasn’t covered in water was rocky and mountainous. The mountains also made it difficult for transportation and for the different parts of Greece to communicate. With a lack of communication, the Greek city-states became more independent and relied on their own communities to support them. Geography affected the development of Greece in positive and negative ways. The geography that had the most affect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. The sea and mountains provided some negative effects on Greece, and the sea and climate were also very positive effects on the development of Greece. Overall the geography of Greece had a major affect on the civilization.