Geography's effect on the English colonies is indisputable, but was it the primary factor for shaping the colonies? I think it is, whether it was good or bad the geography always played an important part in the lives of the English colonist. From the swampy terrain of Jamestown to the bays of the Northern colonies, each played an integral part in the development of the colonies.
I'll start with Jamestown, one of the first colonies to make it. The beginning of Jamestown was almost it's end, the colonist were unprepared for the harsh winters there and were almost killed off entirely on the first winter. Thankfully the local Indians were around to aid the colonist until they could establish themselves. Eventually people realized that there was no gold or silver or any other valuable material around and people started to think maybe coming to America was a bed idea. Luckily tobacco arrived as a major cash crop just in time and thanks to the very fertile soil in and around Jamestown the tobacco industry boomed there. With the help of tobacco the Jamestown colony thrived. Without the soil to grow tobacco chances are Jamestown would had eventually just faded away, proving that the geography of Jamestown was extremely important to it's development as a stable colony.
If you want to look at it in a wider scope you can look at the early death and disease rate for the early colonies. Just imagine if the first colonies were found on giant plains, free of most of the more lethal diseases that plagued the swampy terrain of the early colonies. Since the death rate would have been lower indentured servitude would have been phased out sooner and slavery would have been adopted quicker. This could have had a major effect on the colonies future. What if it it's early adoption made it more commonplace then it already was, making slavery almost impossible to abolish in the South and even North. What if the rebellion slave owners feared so much actually happened, creating a new...
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