Geo- Peasant Farming

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SCHOOL BASE ASSESMENT
GEOGRAPHY

PEASANT FARMING AT
7 ARDENNE ROAD KINGSTON 10

Name: Jevaughn K. Gordon
School:Quality academics
Teacher: Mrs. Wright

Table of Content

Aim of Study…………………………………………………………………………….3 Location of Study Area……………………………………………………………......3 Methodology……………………………………………………………………………7 Presentation of Data ………………………………………………………………….8 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………….11 Bibliography………………………………………………………………………….12 Appendix……………………………………………………………………………… 13

Aim of Study

The aim of this field study is to identify the major characteristics of peasant farming in Jamaica. A field study was carried out to investigate the major characteristics of a peasant farm at 7 Ardenne Road, Kinston 10 Jamaica.

Location of Study Area

The field study took place at 7 Ardenne Road, Kingston 10 Jamaica and illustrated on maps overleaf.

Location of Study Area

Methodology

On November 14, 2011 a group of students from Quality Academics and their teacher visited a peasant farm at 7 Ardene Road Kingston 10. A questionnaire was used to collect information on how farming was practiced, so the students could have an idea of how the farm was operated. Before the farm visit, the topic of peasant farming was discussed in class and the questions for the questionnaire put together by the class. A sample to the Questionnaire can be seen in the Appendix.

Presentation of Data
Peasant Farming is the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals on a small scale. Peasant farmers are found in markets selling produce and are also found in rural areas. They have small farming equipment mostly manual tools. Peasant Farmers face more problems with crop infestations, pests and diseases and massive loss of crops and animals. They use simple agricultural products to aid in the plant’s growth. Most of today's farmers are peasant farmers.

The peasant farmer practiced mixed farming. This is growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land. This may lead in an improvement in the fertility of the soil and hence, increase in crop yield. Mixed cropping can reduce crop failure if the climate has irregular weather conditions. The mature trees on the farm also produce shade for the plants like callaloo that does not doe will in the sun. The main crops on the farm were callaloo, pepper, sorrel, plantin and banana trees and pumpkin. The farm also displayed different stages of cultivation.

By using the answers from the peasant farmer, it was concluded that he was a farmer for over 6 years. He enjoys being a farmer. He has his farm on less than 1 hectors. The relief of the land is gently sloped. The farm is three to four kilometres from the nearest town. The colour of the soil is grey, its texture is coarse and the type is sandy loam. The most dominant rain-fall for the year the year is very little. The average temperature is warm. The crops grown on the farm ore: calaloo, peppers, banana, pumpkin sorrel and some other minor crops. The surplus of goods is sold to neighbours and friends. He mostly uses fertilizer pesticides and farm yard manure. He uses machete and a garden fork. The main source of labour on the farm is done by him. The main problem he has on the farm is a lack of water, natural disasters pests and soil erosion.

Pictures of the Data to Be Presented

A picture of the callaloo recently transplanted.

Mature Plantin and Banana trees

Pictures of the Data to Be Presented

Sorrel almost ready for reaping

Pumpkin vine seen growing among the mature trees

Pictures of the Data to Be Presented
The farmer use domestic water for irrigation
A hose is attached to the water pipe which is then used to water the vegetation.

Rain water is also collected in drums and this is also used for irrigation.

Drawings of the Tools used by the Farmer

Pie Chart Comparing the Crops on the Farm

Conclusion

One of the problems faced by the farmer...
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