Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and Balance Sheet

Topics: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Balance sheet, Income statement Pages: 11 (4320 words) Published: November 30, 2012
F‎151. Assets become liabilities when they expire.
F152. Revenue results from collection of accounts receivable. F153. A company’s fiscal year must correspond to the calendar year. T154. Accounting periods should be of equal length to facilitate comparison between periods. T155. When there is no direct connection between revenues and costs, the costs are systematically allocated among the periods benefitted. T156. Applying accrual accounting results in a more accurate measurement of profit for the period than does the cash basis of accounting. F157. Adjusting entries affect cash flows in the current period. T158. Revenue cannot be recognized unless delivery of goods has occurred or services have been rendered. F159. Accrual accounting recognizes revenues and expenses at the point that cash changes hands. F160. A deferral is the recognition of an expense that has arisen but has not yet been recorded. T161. Adjusting entries are useful in apportioning costs among two or more accounting periods. T162. An adjusting entry includes at least one balance sheet account and at least one income statement account. T163. Recording incurred but unpaid expenses is an example of an accrual. F164. If all transactions were originally recorded in conformity with GAAP, there would be no need for adjusting entries at the end of the period. T165. Every adjusting entry must change both an income statement account and a balance sheet account. F166. When the reduction in prepaid expenses is not properly recorded, this causes the asset accounts and expense accounts to be understated. T167. Accumulated depreciation may be referred to as a contra-asset account. T168. The adjustment to record depreciation of property and equipment consists of a debit to depreciation expense and credit to accumulated depreciation. T169. When services are not paid for until they have been performed, the accrued expense is recorded by an adjusting entry at the end of the accounting period. T170. The amount of accrued revenues is recorded by debiting an asset account and crediting an income account. F171. Acquiring a computer for cash is just exchanging one asset for another and will not result in an expense even in future periods. F172. A decrease in an expense account is the equivalent of a decrease in owner’s equity. F173. Accrued revenue is a term used to describe revenue that has been received but not yet earned. T174. Book value is the original cost of a building less depreciation for the year. F175. The adjusting entry to allocate part of a cost of a one-year fire insurance policy to expense will cause total assets to increase. T176. The adjusting entry to recognize earned commission revenues, not previously recorded or billed will cause total assets to increase. F177. The adjusting entry to recognize an expense which is unrecorded and unpaid will cause total assets to increase. T178. The adjusting entry to recognize earned revenues which was received in advance will cause total liabilities to decrease. F179. The maximum period covered by a worksheet is 6 months. T180. Withdrawals is recorded in the Balance Sheet debit column of the worksheet. F181. The Owner’s capital account is shown in the Income Statement credit column in the worksheet. F182. The Owner’s withdrawal account will not appear on an adjusted trial balance on the worksheet. F183. Accumulated depreciation appears on the income statement. T184. The worksheet is used to pull together up-to-date account balances needed to prepare the financial statements. F185. Financial statements are prepared from the adjusted trial balance of the worksheet. F186. Because adjusting entries are recorded on a worksheet, they do not need to be journalized or posted. T187. A loss occurs when there are more expenses than revenue. T188. If revenue and expenses were equal for an accounting period, the result would be neither profit nor loss. T189. The worksheet is not presented with the financial statements. T190. The third...
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