Gender Perspectives Improve Reproductive Health Outcomes

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Gender Perspectives Improve Reproductive Health Outcomes:

new evIdence

This publication was prepared with support from the BRIDGE Project (No. GPO-A-00-03-00004-00), funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and implemented by the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) on behalf of the Interagency Gender Working Group (IGWG), a network comprising USAID Cooperating Agencies (CAs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the USAID Bureau for Global Health. The examples provided in this publication include experiences of organizations beyond USAID. This publication does not provide official USAID guidance but rather presents examples of innovative approaches for integrating gender into reproductive health and HIV programs that may be helpful in responding to the Agency requirements for incorporating gender considerations in program planning. For official USAID guidance on gender considerations, readers should refer to USAID’s Automated Directive System (ADS). Copyright December 2009, Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved.

Gender Perspectives Improve Reproductive Health Outcomes:

nEw EvIdEncE

By

Elisabeth Rottach Sidney Ruth Schuler Academy for Educational Development Karen Hardee Population Action International December 2009

Prepared with support from the Interagency Gender Working Group, USAID, and Population Action International

Acknowledgments
This publication would not have been possible without the work of the original Interagency Gender Working Group (IGWG) Task Force on Evidence that Gender Integration Makes a Difference to Reproductive Health Outcomes. The Task Force produced the 2004 “So What?” Report, whose authors included Carol Boender, Diana Santana, Diana Santillan, Margaret E. Greene, and two of the current authors, Karen Hardee and Sidney Schuler. Special thanks also to USAID’s Michal Avni and Patty Alleman, gender advisors in the Office of Population and Reproductive Health of the Global Health Bureau, for their support and commitment to this publication, and to Diana Prieto, gender advisor in USAID’s Office of HIV/AIDS for her invaluable review and suggestions. This publication also benefitted greatly from the comments of various external reviewers, including Dr. 'Peju Olukoya of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Department of Gender, Women, and Health. Thanks also to other reviewers from WHO, including: Shelly Abdool, Heli Bathija, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Isabelle de Zoysa, Elise Johansen, Claudia Morrissey, Annie Portella, and Kirsten Vogelson. The authors are grateful to Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs and Marissa Yeakey of the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) for their editing, support, and encouragement in moving this important resource to its successful end. Elisabeth Rottach, Sidney Schuler, and Karen Hardee

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Gender Perspectives Improve Reproductive Health Outcomes: new Evidence

Table of contents
Executive Summary.................................................................................1 1. Introduction .......................................................................................4 2. Reducing Unintended Pregnancies ....................................................12 Case Study: Women’s Empowerment Model to Train Midwives and Doctors ...................................................................18 Case Study: PROCOSI Gender-Sensitive Reproductive Health Program..............................................................................20 3. Improving Maternal Health ...............................................................22 Case Study: Involving Men in Maternity Care ..............................25 Case Study: Social Mobilization or Government Services ............27 4. Reducing HIv/AIdS and Other STIs ....................................................30 Case Study: Tuelimishane (“Let’s Educate Each Other”).............38 Case Study: Stepping Stones...
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