Gender Inequality Against Women

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Gender Inequality is a characteristics of social structure, according to which different social groups (in this case – men and women) possess stable differences and resulting from these unequal opportunities in society, there was realized by researchers in social sciences and humanities through the notion of gender in 1980, as the basis for feminist concept (Joan Scott). Conceptualizing gender shed light on the social construction of masculinity and femininity as oppositional categories with unequal social value. Since the active suppression of the similarities and differences requires construction of social power, dominance turns out to be a central issue in gender theory. Gender with race and class is a hierarchical structure to provide both opportunities and oppression, and an effective structure of identity and solidarity. Differences in constructs “male – female” characterize the views of researchers who are social in a human by biological design (for example, the theory of functionalism). Traditional psychoanalysis recognizes that male and female models are diametrically opposed in their qualities (as a typical male behaviour is characterized by activity, aggressiveness, determination, desire to compete and achieve, the capacity for creativity, rationality, and for women – passivity, indecision, dependent behavior, conformity, the lack of logical thinking and aspirations to achieve, as well as a great emotional and social balance). While maintaining the basic psychoanalytic paradigm, K. Horney draws attention to the fact that the girl grows, knowing that the man for the society has a “heavy price” in the human and spiritual terms, and thus the cause of masculinity complex in women should look at individual and cultural factors. Based on the theory of social identity by Turner, C. Guinchi, he considers men and women as social groups with different social status. High status groups most often are evaluated in terms of competence and economic success, while low-status – in terms of goodness, kindness, humanity, etc. The author believes that all the positive features of the female stereotype (warmth, emotional support, compliance) – the typical compensation for the lack of achievements is in “power positions”. As members of low-status groups among women compared with men, there is less developed sense of identification with their group, they tend to overestimate men’s achievements and strengths and underestimate their own, adopting the point of view more of high status groups – men. Confirmation of these provisions can be seen in these many studies, for example, P. Goldberg has found a certain amount of prejudice against women themselves in the field of scientific work, college student more than appreciate the article, signed by men than women, as stated in Gender Inequality: Women Under Stress. The example of the feminist movement, the thoughts and perception of the gender inequality can be described in arguments about the current situation in the world and perception of a woman in the society. All versions of feminism challenged the assertion that women as sex are less worth than men. But even in a society where institutionally enshrined equal rights, there is a double standard of morality: one – in relation to men, and quite another – to women as an illustration. As stated by Joyce Stevens, the words from the manifesto of radical feminism: “…because women’s work never ends and it is not paid or paid less, or it is boring and monotonous, and we are first to be fired, and how we look is more important than what we’re doing, and if we are raped, it’s our fault, and if we beat, we are provoked, and if we raise the voice, we provoke scandal, and if we get pleasure from sex, so we are nymphomaniacs, and if not, frigid and if we expect society cares about our children, we are selfish, and if we defend our rights, we are aggressive and unfeminine, and if not, then we are typical weak woman, and if we want to get married, so we...
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