Socialization creates gender stereotyping. In a family, parents treat male and female children differently from birth. They teach male child to be strong, aggressive and smart. And they should have an ability to support their own family in the future. On the other hand, parents handle female that they should live in a world of passivity and emotion and being a good wife or mother in the future ( Macionis, John. J. 2006: 256). Macionis (2006), Peterson and Runyan (1993) and Maguire (1995) note that men are actually defined as masculine while women are feminine. In peer groups, Male peer group reinforces masculine traits of aggression and control in school when playing games. Female peer groups promote interpersonal skills of communication and cooperation.( Macionis, John. J. 2006: 257)In school, school always has different demand on costume and speech and deportment of boys and girls. For example, male need to wear shirt and trousers. Female need to wear dresses. Male should be smart and have a definite view. But female should be cultured. Moreover, texts and curriculum in schools further reinforce a culture’s gender role. For example, the text is showing that male should wear suit and work outside. Female should stay at home to do housework. ( Macionis, John. J. 2006: 257) In mass media, it also reinforces the gender role. Male plays the capable roles in the TV or... [continues]
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