Gender Inequalities

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The concept of gender has been a point of interest for many individuals and societies alike as they try to understand various aspects contained in it. So many different definitions have sprang up over the years to give a better and a more simple meaning to what gender is all about. Some people like Seymour Smith, defined gender as the social, cultural and psychological patterning of differences between male and female. Others say it refers to qualities which are shaped through the history of social relations and interactions. There is an emphasis that is placed on gender as being a social phenomenon. Thus, a person’s role depends on a particular society. Gender studies involve a lot of sub-topics and one will be discussed below. Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles as well as biologically through chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences. The forms in which gender disparities may take vary across societies or communities throughout the world. Some of them are as follows: There are natural differences between the sexes based on biological and anatomic factors, most notably differing reproductive roles. Biological differences include chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences. Because of these, certain gaps are existent between men and women to account for behavior and treatment disparities. For instance, women have a greater ability to detect smells than men, and this may be linked to estrogen hormones. The structure of the nose is the same in women as men, and they don’t have any more receptors in the nose, but studies have shown smells activate a greater region in the brain in women than men. In one study, they were able to do better than men in differentiating between odors and picking up faint and slight odors. The study was repeated with younger participants with similar results. Another form of gender...
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