Functions Of Government In Society

Topics: Democracy, Form of government, Government Pages: 22 (686 words) Published: January 21, 2015
FUNCTIONS OF
GOVERNMENT IN SOCIETY
UNIT 1

WHAT PURPOSE DOES GOVERNMENT
SERVE????
• Governments can serve many purposes.
• Some governments control people and some
governments are controlled by the people.
• What is the purpose of the government in the
United States?
• Limited Government vs. Unlimited Government
• Democracy vs. Dictatorship

COMPARING THE SYSTEMS
• Write about your perspective of the government of
the United States?





Does it protect you?
Control you?
Make your life better?
Make your life difficult?

• The preamble of the constitution is the purpose
statement of the American Government:
• We the people of the United States, in order to form a
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic
tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the
general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to
ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this
Constitution for the United States of America

DEMOCRACY
• Many types of government can fall under the
category of a Democracy
• A government that can be held accountable by
the people qualifies as a democracy
• At direct or true democracy would be very difficult
to manage so often times representative
democracies exist.
• Republic
• Constitutional Monarchy
• Parliamentary Democracy

FREEDOM
• Does Democracy = Freedom????
• If freedom is being able to live your life the way
you want to live it, then many things besides
government restrictions can stand in your way.
• To what extent do rules give us freedom?
• What nation do you think offers the most freedom
to its citizens?
• http://www.freedomhouse.org/report-types/freed
om-world#.
U_sqZvmwIn5

DICTATORSHIPS
• View the Documentary on North Korea (BBC
2013)
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2nhmI8ihAQ
• Answer the following questions in your notes
during the documentary:
• How do the North Koreans view their leader?
• What rights to North Koreans have to protest their
government?
• Is North Korea viewed more as a communist state or
fascist state? What is the difference?
• What perceptions do North Korean’s hold regarding
America?
• Compare the economy of North Korea to South Korea.

THE IMAGE OF GOVERNMENT

WHAT TYPES OF GOVERNMENT EXIST IN 2014
NAME TWO EXAMPLES OF EACH:









Republics
Constitutional Monarchy
Monarchy
Communist
Fascist
Theocracy
Parliamentary Democracies
Military Dictatorships

GOVERNMENT TYPES
• Constitutional monarchy - a system of
government in which a monarch is guided by a
constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and
responsibilities are spelled out in written law or
by custom
• Parliamentary democracy - a political system
in which the legislature (parliament) selects the
government - a prime minister, premier, or
chancellor along with the cabinet ministers according to party strength as expressed in elections

GOVERNMENT TYPES
• Monarchy - a government in which the supreme power
is lodged in the hands of a monarch who reigns over a
state or territory, usually for life and by hereditary right; the monarch may be either a sole absolute ruler or a
sovereign - such as a king, queen, or prince - with
constitutionally limited authority.
• Communist - a system of government in which the state
plans and controls the economy and a single - often
authoritarian - party holds power; state controls are
imposed with the elimination of private ownership of
property or capital while claiming to make progress
toward a higher social order in which all goods are
equally shared by the people (i.e., a classless society).

GOVERNMENT TYPES
• Republic - a representative democracy in which
the people's elected deputies (representatives),
not the people themselves, vote on legislation
• Theocracy - a form of government in which a
Deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, but
the Deity's laws are interpreted by ecclesiastical...
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