Course: Teacher’s Diploma Primary 2010-2012
Module Title: Values and Citizenship Education
Module Code: TDPR 127
Lecturer: Mr. N. PYENEEANDEE.
Date of submission: 11th November 2011
1. What are values?
A personal and/or cultural value is an absolute or relative ethical value, the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A value system is a set of consistent values and measures.
A principle value is a foundation upon which other values and measures of integrity are based. Those values which are not physiologically determined and normally considered objective, such as a desire to avoid physical pain, seek pleasure, etc., are considered subjective, vary across individuals and cultures and are in many ways aligned with belief and belief systems.
Types of values include ethical/moral value, doctrinal/ideological (religious, political) values, social values, and aesthetic values. It is debated whether some values which are not clearly physiologically determined are intrinsic such as altruism and whether some such as acquisitiveness should be valued as vices or virtues. Values have typically been studied in sociology; anthropology; social psychology; moral philosophy and business ethics.
Values can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. As such, values reflect a person’s sense of right and wrong or what ought to be. Equal rights for all, Excellence deserves admiration, and People should be treated with respect and dignity is representative of values. Values tend to influence attitudes and behaviour. For example, if you value equal rights for all and you go to work for an organization that treats its managers much better than it does its workers, you may form the attitude that the company is an unfair place to work; consequently, you may not produce well or may perhaps leave the company. It is likely that if the company had a more egalitarian policy, your attitude and behaviours would have been more positive.
Values affect our lives every moment. They are a guiding force in all we do and pursue. When our values are in congruence with our actions, we are in harmony. The literal meaning of the word ‘value’ is anything or any sort of thing that can have qualities.
Therefore, values can be defined as follows:
➢ Values are the building blocks of a society.
➢ Values are vaccines against social evils.
➢ Values are protector of humans.
➢ Values help to create a higher quality of thinking which results in a higher quality of living. ➢ We are nurtured by the values we hold. Values are positive concepts. They are timeless and irrefutable whatever our beliefs. ➢ Values help us to become a better person and to lead a better life. ➢ Values empower us to say ‘No’ to negativity.
➢ Values are the greatest powers of man. They are the higher truth. Values are the road to perfection. ➢ Values change hearts and save life.
➢ Values are nitty-gritty to our educational system.
Origins of Values
1. From religion
2. From customs
3. From traditions
4. From culture
Purposes of values
➢ To help individuals think about and reflect on different values and the practical implications of expressing them in relation to themselves, others, the community, and the world at large. ➢ To deepen understanding, motivation, and responsibility with regard to making personal and social choices. ➢ To inspire individuals to choose their own personal, social, moral, and spiritual values and be aware of practical methods for developing and deepening them.
2. Why are values an important component in the education of a child?
Moral value is important for each and every one. We can inculcate it through education. It is...