Peter Kroptikin begins by making an extremely compelling argument for the necessity of the French revolution, and how the lives lost were a small price to pay for how beneficial the revolution was for the French people in the long run. His first argument is that during the four years of the revolution there was more food for peasants then ever before, he then goes on to discus how important and influential the revolution was on driving other European nations to democratize. The revolution also drove France to becoming more productive, which was vital to the economic growth of France during the era. Kroptikin’s most important argument comes with his analysis of the progress of a nation, first telling us that there comes a point in a Nation’s history when they must either reform or revolutionize, he explains that in France the opportunity for reform was not taken, so revolution was the only viable option. He furthers by telling us that the instability of the Sans-culotte Republic of 1793 was a necessary driving force for the creation of the more powerful and vastly more stable Third Republic in 1815. Another important affect that the French Revolution had was the impact it made on the abolition of absolutism from other European nations. It sent a shockwave across the continent and was a key factor in the demise of serfdom as well as the rise of the bourgeoisie in other European countries such as Germany, Spain, Italy and Austria. This is important because it shifted the European political climate for the better. First, by abolishing the idea of the divine right of royal authority but more importantly, democratizing and rationalizing the governments of these nations, forcing them to represent the needs of the people, as opposed to the needs of the Nobles and the papal elite. He lastly addresses the idea that modern communism was rooted in the ideology of the French revolution; he quickly puts this out by explaining that there are no direct parallels between...
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