Freedom of speech should be limited for journalist
The first Amendment to the Constitution protects free expression, speech, and press against government suppression. “Congress shall make no law… abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press.” (“Gora”) Each state’s constitutions contain promises of free expression like to those in the U.S. Constitution. Although the Constitution gives a person these rights, there should limits, in politics, education, or everyday life. The current limits, such as a person’s inability to cause a public panic, while a good start, are simply not enough; restrictions must be more extensive.
In 1791, the first Amendment was written to serve as a replacement for the missing denotation of civil liberties not promised in the Constitution written by some of the most intelligent men of America. (“U.S”) Throughout history, the first Amendment has been modified and re-interpreted to create laws, like the Alien and Sedition acts of 1798,(“the alien”) which were a set of laws passed by congress during John Adams's presidency that was set in place to protect against anarchy. The first amendment plays a very important part of society today. Since the 1960s, the Supreme Court has expanded freedom of speech and rights of the press in cases at the federal level of government; the final and most official ruling of America is Yates v. United States in 1857 and New York Times Co. v. United States in 1971 (“Notable”). Yates, occurring in 1857, dealt with the Smith Act, which outlawed the learning or sharing of thoughts of violent ways to overthrow the government. It was decided that there must be proof of unhidden illegal actions, not just expression of ideas about unlawful behavior (“Yates”). In the New York Times case, the Court stopped the federal government from using “prior restraint” to stop a newspaper from printing information about the Vietnam War that it did not want the public to know about (“infoplease”). They stated that “Freedom of speech isn't really free. Free means being exempt from restriction.” To add to that Annis Kennedy, a English teacher at Cleveland High School in Clayton, North Carolina stated” While we can say what we want in regards to being able to disagree with someone, one does not think we have the right to say something that would cause physical harm to one or more people (yelling "fire" in a crowded movie theater).” said Kennedy (“Kennedy”). While freedom of speech can be great, it needs limitation. For example Grover Cleveland fathered a child out of marriage before his first term as president in the 1880s, and it became quite an infamous topic. On the morning of July 21, 1884, Cleveland woke to only to look at the morning paper and see his very own sex scandal splattered throughout it. To the public eye, Cleveland had been a sturdy and trustworthy man, though at the news of his infidelity trust in Cleveland dropped significantly .Today, many people complain that they no longer trust government, business or other public and private organizations. This is largely due to the aspect that public as well private betrayal has now become quite common place in society; people can create elaborate facades to trick the public. Some in society believe that the truth is too often a twist or the selective disclosure of information (“Conversations”). In a similar scale, it can be compared to when a child would tell the mother that they only eaten one pink Starburst when really it really had been three. In a lot of cases, freedom of speech is just a bunch of lies. Beginning in the 1910s, Franklin Delano Roosevelt had a long-term relationship with his wife's social secretary, Lucy Mercer Rutherford, and in addition to get another relationship with his own secretary (“Burns”). Among him Warren Harding, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Lyndon B. Johnson and George H.W. Bush also have been closely related to similar scandalous affairs. Perhaps the most notorious for promiscuity was John F....
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