Four Views of Hell

Topics: Bible, Clark Pinnock, Christian eschatology Pages: 4 (1256 words) Published: March 12, 2012


A Theological Critique Submitted to Dr. Mike Stallard
Liberty Theological Seminary
in partial fulfillment of the requirements ,

THEO 530

Table of Contents
I. Introduction3
II. Brief Summary3
III. Critical interaction with author’s work4
IV. Conclusion6


In the book “The four views of hell,” the author compiles the views of hell by the following theological professors: John F. Walvoord, William V. Crockett, Zachary J. Hayes and Clark H. Pinnock. These four professors argue the following views of hell: literal, metaphorical, purgatorial and conditional interpretations. This book peers inside the different theories of hell, each of their relation to the Bible and the evolution throughout time. Each chapter begins with that particular scholar’s view, followed by the rebuttal by his colleagues. Brief Summary

The first chapter is written by, John Walvoord, and he begins by providing the foundation for the literal view of hell. The author expends the greater part of this section of the book describing these fundamental principles. He argues that hell is a position of perpetual punishment for those who are sinners in the Earth. He derives this view from native translations of the Bible using both the Old and New Testaments. Walvoord exactly takes the words from the Bible’s predictions and the absolute inerrancy of the Bible to suggest that this is the only way to view hell and eternal punishment. The chapter concludes with the author using the literal view to encourage the reader to help people avoid hell and the painfulness, by preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

The second chapter is written by William V. Crockett and he has taken the metaphorical view of hell, as read in the Bible and studied by scholars. His view of hell is comparable to the preceding author’s view; it only differs in how the punishment will...
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