Four Phases of Greek Art

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4 Phases of Greek Art

* Geometric 900-600 B.C.E
* Archaic 600-480 B.C.E
* Classical 980-323 B.C.E
* Hellenistic 323-31

* Large funerary Vase
* Known as Diphlon Vase or Krator
* From the geometric era
* Made from busted clay
* Ceramics were used for storage
* It also showed a lot of culture with images
* The Greek buried their dead & practiced cremations

Bronze Man & Centaur

* Human body mixed with a horse like figure
* Centaur from lefkand, Euboea
* Centaurs are fast, strong, and intelligent but can’t control their alcohol or lust for men and women * A centaur represents man’s self-living

Kouros-Archaic

* Statue of kouros
* Kouros means young male
* Archaic Figure
* They are nude idealized, healthy fit
* Placed in temples and burial sites
* The male body was viewed as beauty
* Male also liked with fertility
* Over life-sized 6ft
* Once painted
* Had similarities of Egyptian figures

Kore
* Was also put in temples
* Smaller than male figure
* Was about 2ft
* The served as attendants
* Had some similar characteristics like the kouros figure * Had several differences as well
* Marble figure as well
* Had wavy long hair
* Was also painted once

Kritio’s Boy, Statue of an Ephebe

* He is transitional due to his showing of his stance (480 B.C.E) * Crafted from marble lot that big it was slightly smaller * Has a leaning (Controposto) stance
* Early Classical piece
* Has short hair unlike the other figures sparked transition of new style for males! * Had some differences from the kouros figure
* Has more humanistic like composition to make the figure more human like or naturalism * Depicted as (purenbistic) doesn’t have the muscular characteristics like the other figures.

Charioteer of Delphi

* Was a surviving bronze piece saved from the romans
* Bronze was a casting piece meaning it was put together
* Delphi was a political and honorable place for head masters, scholars and games * Tested intelligence and Strength honoring the god Apollo * He was also over life sized
* He was placed in a chariot and had horses attached to the chariot * Also it has a naturalistic characteristic
* This figure moved away from the archaic period meaning no smile but has a relaxed face

Riace Bronze Warrior-Classical

* Survived because it was transported by ship however shipped sunk and was found * Also showed instance of a weapon once held in hand and a shield in the other * Also shows the Controposto stance

* Showed inner muscular characteristics far as veins ….etc * Texture in the hair was better than the other figures
* Two Riace figures A and B
* B is more detailed in hair than A and B also shows more detail towards the eye of the warrior and a gold like overlay for the eyes silver overlay for the teeth and eyelashes

Spear bearer (Doryphoros) -Classical

* Moved into the higher classical Stage
* There are a lot of marble figures displayed for the Greek culture due to their durability * The figure shows instance of weapon holding
* Showed the uses of supports when building these figures * Also shows controposto
* And it shows the muscular detail
* Perfect ideal representation of the male figure
* Dory was responsible for making the canons of this time * One specifically the head the hair and the hair-line as well as the body tones the shoulders the proportional body in general.

Diskobolos (Discus Thrower)

* Originally crafted in bronze
* Shows action and motion for the composto stance
* Was sculpted by myrian
* Shows values of strength far as muscles flexing
* But shows a relaxed face throws off the view of strength

Hermes with Dionysus after Praxiteles

* This figure shows an infant its moving away from the canon * Also shows...
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