Forming and Shaping

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  • Topic: Metalworking, Henry Cort, Rolling
  • Pages : 10 (2968 words )
  • Download(s) : 65
  • Published : October 18, 2011
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T.C.BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ “FORMING AND SHAPING”prepared by Gizem TAYLANER Section 25 Number 0714703InstructorYaman KÖSEOĞLUPrepared in accordance to the requirements of the course ENG 1004Spring 2009| CONTENTS

Summary………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3 1.1 What is Forming and Shaping?......................................................................................4 1.2 Rolling Process….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………4

Hot Rolling………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………5
Cold Rolling……………………………………………………………………………………………………………5
Rolling Mills……………………………………………………………………………………………………………6
Producing Pipes by Using Rolling Process……….………………………………………………………7 1.3 Extrusion Process………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Extrusion Tecniques……………………………………………………………………………………………….9 1.4 Drawing Process….…………………………………………………………………………………………………….10
Wire Drawning………………………………………………………………………………………………10-11 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12 Resources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….12

SUMMARY
This report describes Forming and Shaping which is one of the major manufacturing process and also involves three type of forming and shaping tecniques. Manufacturing therefore, Forming and Shaping developed after the civilization. Intruducing Forming and Shaping processes to the reader is the aim of this report.The text is organised by explainin what is forming and shaping then introducing the Rolling Process including ; Hot and Cold rolling , Rolling Mills and Producing Pipes. Secondly report is continous to talking about Extrusion Process and shows the Tecniques of Extrusion. The final process is Drawing Process includes Wire Drawing that the report is introducing about. As we can seen from the report Forming and Shaping is widely used in industrial processes. There are four major manufacturing processies which are casting , machining ,forming and shaping, and joining. However, this report is giving an information about only the Forming and Shaping Processes. Forming and Shaping includes Rolling, Extrusion and Drawing Processes. For introducing Rolling , material is passed through the gap between two rotating rollers that squeeze the material as it passes between them. Secondly, extrusion defined as ; the material is pushed through a shapped hollow therfore, it get the same shape with the hollow. We could think about that as a squeezing toothpaste from a tube.Finally, drawning was the last process that introduced in the report, also defined as a processes which is using for especially producing a wire ,bar or tube .

Introduction
There are four major manufacturing processies which are casting , machining ,forming and shaping, and joining. Forming includes all manufacturing processes which use force to reshape solid or powdered materials without reducing their weight.The material is reshaped but not cut away.For the history, it is unclear when humans first began using metal for daily use, but the importance of forming and shaping metal is recorded in history. Since the development of civilization, people continually discover ways to complete tasks. In our drive to survive, we, as humans, have developed several objects that help to make life easier. The development of metal and the art of forming metal have come a long way over the years.Prior to the discovery of metal, people used simple tools made out of bone and wood. Soon, however, fire was discovered and eventually ancient humans discovered that adding heat to certain rocks, more accurately described as ores, could free the metal from the rock. With the discovery of...
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