Formalist Literary Analysis

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Formalist Analysis of “A Thing of Beauty (Endymion)” By John Keats “A Thing of Beauty (Endymion)” is a poem about objects of beauty that exist on earth. John Keats’s repertoire of writing in this poem makes it easy for the reader to understand the poem better. In addition, his tone of expressing objects in a rhetorical way as well as an excellent choice of words makes this poem calm, peaceful contemplative. The main theme of the poem is the powers of nature. The writer implies that people should realize these powers that make their lives enjoyable and worth living even though they are tormented until dying. To put it differently, the aspects of nature uplift the feeling or spirit of a person who tends to be pessimist. Such as, the powers of nature or the objects of beauty cannot be easily destroyed by time and space, and their loveliness does not fade. First, the beginning three lines introduce to us a thing of beauty forever which makes us joyful and our hearts sing whenever remembered as follows; “A thing of beauty is a joy for ever its loveliness increases; it will never pass into nothingness; but still will keep”. In other words, when we recall the beautiful things that have happened to us, they really affect us to be happy and joyful forever and it always keep inside of our hearts. Second, the beauty of blessed sleep in this poem is emphasized through the next lines like “a bower quiet for us, and a sleep full of sweet dreams, and quiet breathing”. Such as, "sleep" and "sweet" and "dreams" words which John Keats used in those lines all have a long "e" sound. This makes to create a soothing tone in these lines. Third, John Keats realistically reflected the hope of resurrection beyond the shadow of death in the next lines of his poem. That is, the pain, torture and sting of ill health are still written repeatedly among nature’s beauty of things throughout this poem. For example; “Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth of noble natures of the gloomy days, of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkn’d ways”. Fourth, the next lines suggest the ideas that people are looking for the reason to live enjoyable and happy lives. For example; “Made for our searching: yes, in spite of all, some shape of beauty moves away the pall from our dark spirits”. Perhaps, through these lines the writer expressed his sentiment that people are able to find their happiness and joy with the help of the objects of beauty or the powers of nature. Fifth, in the next lines, the objects of beauty’s descriptions are given one by one, through the literary device of imagery. The writer further associates the objects of beauty with nature and people. For instance; the sun, the moon, a group of old shady trees, the daffodils, the clear streams and the forest which is rich with a cluster of beautiful flowers. All these objects of beauty are a source of consoling people in their miseries and misfortunates in a world. So, people can feel relieved and relax in these surroundings. Unlike objects of beauty, the ordinary objects appeal to mankind only temporarily. That is, their effect and value lasts over a short period of time and their loveliness decreases with the passage of time. Last, typically, death is for the writer is seen as beautiful. For him to have this view that death is a beautiful thing is godly. For instance; in the last lines “And such too is the grandeur of the dooms we have imagined for the mighty dead; An endless fountain of immortal drink; Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink” Despite difficult and gloomy situations around us, beautiful things of nature give us hope to live on the Earth and pull through the days with power, happiness and confidence. It gives inspiration and encouragement to do our best and observe the beautiful things in the world. The use of “o'er-darkn'd”, of which the unabbreviated version is “over-darkened” is deliberate and for emphasis, to show all kinds of dark and hard moments, as does the preposition denoting...
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