Forest

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  • Topic: Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests, Plant, Forest
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  • Published : February 2, 2013
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Temperate forests correspond to forest concentrations formed in the northern and southern hemisphere, or in temperate regions. Main characteristics include: wide leaves, large and tall trees and non seasonal vegetation. Temperate forests can be further distinguished by weatherpatterns and geographical features that favor the predominance of certain kinds of trees. In temperate coniferous forests, evergreen coniferspredominate, while in temperate broadleaf and mixed forests, a more even distribution exists between evergreen and deciduous trees.Temperate deciduous forests, a subgroup of temperate broadleaf forests, consist of trees that lose their leaves every year. Finally, temperate rainforests typically have heavy rainfall and dense humidity. In the temperate region, winters are mild and rainfall is moderate.The forests have trees, scrubs and bushes.There is less undergrowth. Most of the trees are deciduous, which shed their leaves during the autumn. In some areas, the deciduous trees are replaced by coniferous trees. The main trees found in these forests are oak, ash, maple, birch, beech, poplar, elm and pine. In many areas, forests have been cleared to make way for cultivation. Hardwood evergreen trees which are widely spaced and are found in the Mediterranean region are olive, cork, oak and stone pine. Temperate Forests

The temperate forest biome is found in regions where winters are cold and summers are warm. Regions with this climate are common in the mid-latitudes, far from both the equator and the poles. Tropical rainforests are in regions that are consistently warm all year long, close to the equator. Temperate forests are almost always made of two types of trees, deciduous and evergreen. Deciduous trees are trees that lose their leaves in the winter. Evergreens are trees that keep their leaves all year long, like pine trees. Forests can either have deciduous trees, evergreens, or a combination of both. Another kind of forest is a temperate rain forest. These are found in California, Oregon and Washington in the United States. These forests are made of redwoods and sequoias, the tallest trees in the world. The amount of rainfall in an area determines if a forest is present. If there is enough rain to support trees, than a forest will usually develop. Otherwise, the region will become grassland. Temperate Forests

Temperate forests are areas with high levels of precipitation, humidity and contain a variety of deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose their leaves in winter. 

Climate

Temperate forests have a wide range of temperatures that correlate with the distinctive seasons. Temperatures range from hot in the summer with highs of 86 degrees Fahrenheit, to extremely cold in the winter with lows of - 22 degrees Fahrenheit.

Temperate forests receive abundant amounts of precipitation, usually between 20-60 inches of precipitation annually. This precipitation is in the form of rain and snow.

Location

Some locations of temperate forests include:

* Eastern Asia
* Central and Western Europe
* Eastern United States

Vegetation

Due to abundant rainfall and thick soil humus, temperate forests are able to support a wide variety of plant life and vegetation. This vegetation exists in several layers ranging from lichens and mosses on the ground layer to large tree species like oak and hickory that stretch high above the forest floor. Other examples of temperate forest vegetation include:  Forest Canopy Tier: Maple trees, Walnut trees, Birch trees

Small Tree Tier: Dogwoods, Redbuds, Shadbush

Shrub Tier: Azaleas, Mountain Laurel, Huckleberries

Herb Tier: Blue Bead Lily, Indian Cucumber, Wild Sarsaparilla

Floor Tier: Lichens and Mosses
Wildlife

Temperate forests are home to a wide variety of animals. These animals include various insects and spiders, wolves, foxes, bears, coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions, eagles, rabbits, deer, skunks, squirrels, racoons, squirrels, moose and...
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