Topics: Short story, Islam, Philippines Pages: 5 (1420 words) Published: March 20, 2013

Formal Report on Filipino Literary Text

The White Horse of Alih
By: Emigdio “Mig”Alvarez Enriquez


Group 3

De Pedro, John Christopher Q.
Elazegui, Patricia Denise C.
Españo, Divine M.
Fajardo, Jerome M.
Garcia, Jose Eduardo C.

A. The Issue inside the story

• Psychological effect of man's alienation from the society he is at • Racial Discrimination
• Traditions in religion
• Psychological impact of an individual’s experiences • Quarrel between religions
• Discrimination based on religion


• Setting
The story happened on July 4th in a city with a parade of people. • Characters
➢ Alih- a Moro who plans for killing the people celebrating the Filipino- American Friendship Day ➢ Omar- the older brother of Alih who dictates him on what to do in every aspects of his life ➢ Imam- the village priest who tried to dissuade the two brothers, he explain to them that the prophets did not teach to do it ➢ Lucy - girl who lived in the reservation area where the Americans live -she is the first girl Alih liked

➢ Fermina - a beautiful bar maid with a mole near her mouth - Alih likes her so much but the woman doesn’t like him because of his impertinent manner towards her. • Plot

➢ Conflict- Alih did not want to kill but the fear he had for his brother while he was growing urged him to the killings and also because his brother taught him that killing will be their way to wash away their shame and gain respect for their father had died by the American soldiers without any reason. ➢ Complication- when they decided to become merchants there were rebels who stole their commodities ➢ Rising Action - He saw a float with a girl whom he thought of as Fermina. He went near the float and assisted the girl to go down to the ground and found out that it is Fermina when he saw the little black mole on the corner of the girl’s mouth ➢ Climax- As he was about to hold her completely, Omar came but to his surprise, he was drunk and tipsy! All along, he realized that Omar had been drinking tuba. Omar was about to kill Fermina. ➢ Falling Action- Alih kills his brother despite their plans to gain the white horse for him to protect Fermina. • Theme- the short story tells about the tradition, beliefs and faith of the Filipinos • Point of View - third person limited


Historical Approach
Since the author was born on 1925, this may influence his work on The White Horse of Alih. The setting of the story happened on July 4th in a city with a parade of people. The author might experience this big event in the history wherein the July 4th is considered as Filipino- American Friendship Day.

Mimetic Approach
The text is can be related to the reality. It there were discrimination among races, differences among religions and traditions. And the moral aspect of killing is an issue of their faith.

Freudian Approach
The main character tries to overcome his feelings on this text but Alih shows his intention to Fermina in the middle of story when he ask for a kiss to the lady.

D. Biography of the author
Emigdio Alvarez Enriquez was born on the year 1925. He is a Filipino by birth. He started writing at the age of 20. He is a novelist, story writer, and playwright. Among his famous literary works are: Blood on the Moon, A Tale of Two Houses, Cachil Kudarat (Sultan of Mindanao) or Cachil Corrala, and Labaw, Donggon. All of this short stories won Palanca awards in the year

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