University of Phoenix
Five Key Historical Developments in Nursing Research
The nursing profession is an evidence based practice which has made nursing research an important factor in nursing growth and development from the time of Florence Nightingale until present day. Nursing research is the process of gathering evidence that supports nursing practice. The five key historical developments in nursing research discussed in this paper will include; the work of Florence Nightingale, the research work of Dr. Patricia Grady, the development of nursing educational programs through nursing research, the American Nursing Association (ANA, 2007), nursing research funding, and the development of the Healthy People 2010. Nursing research is an essential element of the nursing profession. Nursing research has changed over the last 150 years. The first key historical development is the work of Florence Nightingale who is well-known as the pioneer of nursing. In 1859 Nightingale published Notes on Nursing. It describes her early research interest in the importance of a healthy environment by studying aspects such as ventilation, cleanliness, purity of water, and diet to determine the influence on patient’s health which was used to make significant changes in society. Another analysis in which Nightingale is more remembered for is her study of soldier morbidity and mortality data during the Crimean War. The research enabled Nightingale to change the attitudes of the military and society toward the care of the sick. Mortality rates dropped from 43% to 2% in the Crimean War as a result of Nightingales study. Florence Nightingale’s research was the beginning of nursing research (Burns & Groves, 2007). Another nursing researcher is Dr. Patricia Grady. Dr. Grady is the director of the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) and is considered one of the early nurse researchers. She was a...