First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person. It is an immediate and temporary care given to an injured person First aider
A non-expert but trained individual who performs an immediate and temporary care to a victim. The role of the first aider stops when a physician arrives in the scene. Accidents
Are sudden, unexpected event that causes harm to the body and livelihood, if not death. Flood Safety Precautions
* Recognize environmental clues such as heavy rains and flood history of the region * Elevation of the region
* Learn First aid and CPR at your local Red Cross Chapter * Keep a battery-operated flashlight
* Learn evacuation routes
* Keep vehicle fueled
* Avoid areas subject to sudden flooding.
* Do not attempt to cross a stream where water is above your knees. * Do not try to drive over a flooded road.
* Do not try to drive around police barricades
* Stay away from drains and ditches
* Do not eat fresh food that has come in contact with flood water * Boil drinking water before using.
* Report broken gas, electrical and water line immediately. * Do not sightsee.
* Cooperate with local officials
Earthquake Safety Precautions
* Be sure both new and old buildings meet earthquake construction requirements * Do not put heavy artwork, mirrors or shelves over beds
* Keep cell phones charged
* Set up family meeting location in a safe area
* Teach family members basic first aid
* Immediately seek a safe location such as doorway, beneath a table or desk * Cover head to minimize injury
* If cooking, turn off the stove
* If outdoors, stay in an open area.
* If driving, stop and stay in the vehicle
* Stay calm
* Be prepared for aftershocks
* Tend injuries immediately and ask for help
* Check for structural damage
* Wear shoes at all times
* Turn off gas, electricity, and water if damage is suspected * Keep phone lines clear
* Be patient
Fire Safety Precautions:
* Do not panic
* Have a Fire Drill
* Place fire extinguisher in specific area of the house
* Do Stop, Drop, and Roll in case clothes catches on fire * Plan a fire escape route
* When smoke is all over the area, crawl!
* Raise the alarm!
Is a package of basic tools and supplies prepared in advance as an aid to survival in an emergency.
Survival Kit contains:
* Food and water
* Signaling device
* First Aid Kit
* Fish hooks
* Sewing Kit
* Shelter and warmth
A state of complete physical, mental, social, spiritual, and emotional well – being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Health is the overall condition of an individual in a given period of time
A safe behavior protects a person from danger and prevents harmful situations.
Elements of accidents
* Accidents may happen to anybody, of any age, young or old. * Accidents take place unexpectedly anytime, anywhere.
* Accidents may result to damage to properties.
Objectives of Safety Education
* To promote safety awareness, which is consciousness of safety measures. * To prevent accidents from occurring.
* To prepare us for emergencies.
Classification of Accidents
Factors that Help Prevent Accidents
* State of Mind
* Environmental Condition
is a natural event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction to affected people.
Types of Calamities
* Volcano Eruptions