First Aid Manual

Topics: First aid, Bone fracture, Blood Pages: 13 (2705 words) Published: December 31, 2012
First aid
First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person. It is an immediate and temporary care given to an injured person First aider

A non-expert but trained individual who performs an immediate and temporary care to a victim. The role of the first aider stops when a physician arrives in the scene. Accidents
Are sudden, unexpected event that causes harm to the body and livelihood, if not death. Flood Safety Precautions

* Recognize environmental clues such as heavy rains and flood history of the region * Elevation of the region
* Learn First aid and CPR at your local Red Cross Chapter * Keep a battery-operated flashlight
* Learn evacuation routes
* Keep vehicle fueled

During Floods:
* Avoid areas subject to sudden flooding.
* Do not attempt to cross a stream where water is above your knees. * Do not try to drive over a flooded road.
* Do not try to drive around police barricades
* Stay away from drains and ditches

After Flood
* Do not eat fresh food that has come in contact with flood water * Boil drinking water before using.
* Report broken gas, electrical and water line immediately. * Do not sightsee.
* Cooperate with local officials

Earthquake Safety Precautions

* Be sure both new and old buildings meet earthquake construction requirements * Do not put heavy artwork, mirrors or shelves over beds
* Keep cell phones charged
* Set up family meeting location in a safe area
* Teach family members basic first aid

* Immediately seek a safe location such as doorway, beneath a table or desk * Cover head to minimize injury
* If cooking, turn off the stove
* If outdoors, stay in an open area.
* If driving, stop and stay in the vehicle
* Stay calm

* Be prepared for aftershocks
* Tend injuries immediately and ask for help
* Check for structural damage
* Wear shoes at all times
* Turn off gas, electricity, and water if damage is suspected * Keep phone lines clear
* Be patient

Fire Safety Precautions:

* Do not panic
* Have a Fire Drill
* Place fire extinguisher in specific area of the house
* Do Stop, Drop, and Roll in case clothes catches on fire * Plan a fire escape route
* When smoke is all over the area, crawl!
* Raise the alarm!

Survival kit
Is a package of basic tools and supplies prepared in advance as an aid to survival in an emergency.

Survival Kit contains:
* Food and water
* Signaling device
* Knife
* Matches
* Bandana
* Tinder
* First Aid Kit
* Fish hooks
* Sewing Kit
* Flashlight
* Shelter and warmth

A state of complete physical, mental, social, spiritual, and emotional well – being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Health is the overall condition of an individual in a given period of time

A safe behavior protects a person from danger and prevents harmful situations.

Elements of accidents
* Accidents may happen to anybody, of any age, young or old. * Accidents take place unexpectedly anytime, anywhere.
* Accidents may result to damage to properties.
Objectives of Safety Education
* To promote safety awareness, which is consciousness of safety measures. * To prevent accidents from occurring.
* To prepare us for emergencies.

Classification of Accidents
* Home
* School
* Community
* Workplace

Factors that Help Prevent Accidents
* Knowledge
* Ability
* State of Mind
* Environmental Condition

is a natural event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction to affected people.

Types of Calamities
* Tornadoes/Hurricanes
* Floods
* Droughts
* Volcano Eruptions
* Tsunami
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