Nowadays, fire-powered coal mining here in Negros is not so feasible because of lot of people complaining with regards the harmful effects to human life and in our environment. We have known coal mining in Calatrava but unfortunately the operation is being suspended since it was raid by the NPA last June 2008. The resumption of the operation is not yet known until now. Another thing is, many of the activists are calling for help to stop mine operation in our country because of the danger caused by this activity. Aside from coal mining, the coal-powered plant as related to coal mining the Leaders of an anti-coal fired power plant alliance composed of various militant sectors, declared their strident opposition to the establishment of this electricity generating power plant in the Northern City of Cadiz, during a press conference at the Negros Press Club (NPC) building. Among those who presided over the press conference included Bayan-Negros Secretary-General Christian Tuayon, Joan Locsin of the No to Mining and Coal Alliance (NOMI-CA), Fr. Romeo Tagud of the Promotion for Church People’s Rights (PCPR); Fr. Gilbert Billena of the Northern Negros Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (NNHARA); Gerry Santillan, also of NOMICA; Danilo Amion of a small fishermen’s group, PAMALAKAYA and Fred Caña of Karapatan-Negros. The group which included militant farmer’s and worker’s organization, Gabriela-Negros, the Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT-Negros) and the Rural Missionaries of the Philippines (RMP), is also in alliance with another anti-coal group Cadiznons Against Coal. Locsin, the group’s spokesperson said that once the coal plant is established in the city, this could affect for as long as five kilometers the city’s fishing grounds, in the process harming the people’s livelihood, the reason why the Banquerohan Village captain on where the plant is to be built has joined the anti-coal coalition. With this statement, it proves the weakness of coal mining establishment here in Negros Province because of the people who are not agreed and satisfied of having this kind of energy source.
COAL MINING PROCESS
| Coal is mined by two methods:|
| surface or 'opencast' mining|
| underground or 'deep' mining|
The choice of mining method is largely determined by the geology of the coal deposit. Underground mining currently accounts for a bigger share of world coal production than opencast; although in several important coal producing countries surface mining is more common. For example, surface mining accounts for around 80% of production in Australia; while in the USA it is used for about 67% of production. In Indonesia majority is Surface Mining.| We will discuss here only the opencast mining method.|
Surface mining - also known as opencast or open cut mining - is only economical when the coal seam is near the surface. This method recovers a higher proportion of the coal deposit than underground mining as all coal seams are exploited - 90% or more of the coal can be recovered.
Large opencast mines can cover an area of many square kilometers and use very large pieces of equipment, including:| | draglines, which remove the overburden|
| power shovels|
| large trucks, which transport overburden and coal|
| bucket wheel excavators|
The overburden of soil and rock is first broken up by explosives; it is then removed by draglines or by shovel and truck. Once the coal seam is exposed, it is drilled, fractured and systematically mined in strips. The coal is then loaded on to large trucks or conveyors for transport to either the coal preparation plant or direct to where it will be used.| Land Reclamation after Surface Mining|
Land reclamation is the process of protecting, restoring, and possibly even improving the land before, during, and after surface mining. As coal is removed from...