Structural fires can occur at any time. They don’t just happen to the “other guy.” The best way to ensure that NPS facilities are “fire safe” is through prevention and education. This includes inspections and education of employees, partners, and the public. Director’s Order #58: Structural Fire Management (DO #58) and its implementation manual, Reference Manual #58 (RM-58), require your park’s Structural Fire Coordinator to schedule annual fire inspections in all NPS and concessions facilities. This is a minimum requirement. But a lot can happen in a year. Don’t let an unsafe situation go until the next annual inspection. Conduct your own self-assessments in the interim.
The NPS Structural Fire Program has developed a Self-Inspection Checklist to help you. Use the Checklist to conduct your own fire inspections in-between your annual inspections. Note: The Self-Inspection Checklist doesn’t replace the required annual fire inspections scheduled by your park’s Structural Fire Coordinator. It is a supplement to the annual inspection.
Fire Safety Self-Inspection Checklist
Use the following checklist as a reminder during inspections. List items requiring corrective action on a Notice of Fire Hazard form.
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Ability to use exit doors is not hampered by security measures during occupancy. Stairwell and hallway fire doors are kept in the closed position. Stairwells and evacuation routes are free and clear of obstructions. Fire escape stairs appear to be in good condition.
Emergency lighting units operate when tested.
Exterior emergency exit routes are clear and free from snow and ice. Illuminated exit signs are all lit, not blocked, and can be easily seen.
Fire Protection Equipment
Portable fire extinguishers are in their proper location and fully charged and tagged. A space of at least 18 inches (457 mm) is kept between sprinklers and materials. Fire hose cabinets are in good order, easily visible, and accessible. Staff training is conducted regularly and documented.
Fire detectors are free from obstructions.
Sprinkler control valves are open and locked/secured, and dry pipe systems register at normal air pressures.
Sprinkler tanks, piping, and supports appear in good condition. Alarm systems function and are tested per NFPA 72.
Lightning arrestors appear to be in good condition.
Housekeeping and Storage
Rubbish is not left to accumulate in excessive quantities; trash receptacles are emptied regularly. Storage areas are kept clean and orderly; cleaning materials are safely stored. Combustible materials are not kept in unprotected areas, such as a crawl space. Roof scuppers and drains are unobstructed; roof covering is in good condition. Aisles are unobstructed.
Fire Safety 101: A Fire Safety Self-Inspection Checklist
Emergency measures are posted in case of accidental spills.
Flammable/combustible liquids are kept in approved safety containers. Flammable/combustible liquids are stored in an approved cabinet. Safety storage cabinet vents are clear of obstructions.
Soiled rags are kept in an approved self-closing waste container. Portable fire extinguishers are in their place and of the proper type.
Exhibits and collections are not overcrowded.
Exhibit case lights do not show signs of overheating.
Exhibits are not blocking exit routes and/or access to fire protection equipment. Extension cords are not used.
All vertical/horizontal openings in fire barriers are fire-stopped. Salvage equipment and materials are provided and accessible. The fire department is familiar with and has access to these areas. Smoking regulations are enforced with employees and visitors. Temporary wiring conforms to the National Electrical Code®.
Auditoriums and Classrooms
Safe capacity is posted and enforced.