Topics: Blood, Myocardial infarction, Hematology Pages: 20 (5481 words) Published: January 11, 2013
Medical Jargon

abduction - to move a limb or some other body part away from the midline of the body ABG - arterial blood gas reading
acetaminophen - a nonsalicylate analgesic-antipyretic (Tylenol) ACE - angiotension-converting enzyme
ACLS - advanced cardiac life support; includes electricity (defibrillator) and drugs for life threatening arrhythmias acidotic - abnormally high acidity of body fluids and tissues acute - sudden, intense flare-up

adenosine - a drug used to help a patient with Supraventricular tachycardia convert to normal sinus rhythm agonal - a word used to describe a major negative change in a patient's condition, usually preceding immediate death, such as a complete cessation of breathing or a dire change in the patient's EEG or EKG albuterol - a bronchodilator used on asthma patients and patients having bronchial spasms to dilate the bronchia and improve breathing ALOC - abbreviation for Acute Loss of Consciousness

alzheimer's disease - a progressive disease with specific brain abnormalities marked by memory loss and progressive inability to function normally at even the simplest tasks AMA - against medical advice or American Medical Association ambu-bag - handheld squeeze bag attached to a face mask. see also bagging amitriptyline - a tricyclic antidepressant

amoxicillin - an antibiotic
amp - abbreviation for Ampule, which is a sealed plastic or glass capsule containing a single dose of a drug in a sterile solution for injection. anaphylactic shock - an extreme allergic reaction that usually involves heart failure, circulatory collapse, a severe asthma-like difficulty in breathing and sometimes results in death. ancef - a cephalosporin antibiotic

anemia - chronically low hematocrit
aneurysm - a balloonlike swelling in the wall of an artery
angina pectoris - a severe acute attack of cardiac pain
angioplasty - plastic surgery of blood vessels during which a balloon is passed into the artery and inflated to enlarge it and increase blood flow anhidrosis - the abnormal absence of sweat
anterior - word used to describe the front surface of an organ, muscle, etc antivert - a drug prescribed for nausea and dizziness
aortic calcification - hardening of the aorta, the main artery coming out of the left ventricle of the heart, usually from cholesterol deposits or some other organic substance aortic coarctation - a dangerous narrowing of the aorta

aortic dissection - a tear in the aorta
aortic rupture - when the aorta bursts
arterial stick - insertion of an IV line into an artery
arrhythmia - when the beat of the heart is no longer originating from the sinus node, and the rhythm is abnormal ASA - the abbreviation for acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
astrocytoma - a slowly growing tumor of the glial tissue of the brain and the spinal cord asystole - a condition in which the heart no longer beats and usually cannot be restarted ativan - a minor tranquilizer drug (lorazepam) used for anxiety, tension, agitation, or fatigue atropine - a drug to increase the heart rate

atypical angina - a form of angina pectoris that does not manifest the typical angina symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath, etc, but which comes on suddenly and occurs without a predisposing cause AZT - an antiviral drug (zidovudine) prescribed for the treatment of AIDS


Babinski's reflex - also known as the plantar reflex; the movement of the big toe upward instead of downward; used to test injury to, or diseases of, the upper motor neurons bactrim - the trade name for cotrimoxazole and sulfamethoxizole, an antibacterial agent particularly useful for urinary infections bagging - manual respiration for a patient having breathing trouble that uses a handheld squeeze bag attached to a face mask Barlow's syndrome - infantile scurvy

Betadine - trade name for povidone-iodine, a preparation used as a surgical scrub that is available in liquid and aerosol forms bilateral hemothorax - blood in both sides of the pleura, the...
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