Feminism in the Poems of Kamala Das

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1

Imew IcpXnh® IYIƒ
""PohnXw ¢otjbmWv. HdnPn\men‰nbpamb√t√m \mapW¿∂Xp
Xs∂. aq∂pt\cw `£Ww Ign®pw kvt\ln®pw kvt\ln°msXbpamWv \mw Pohn°p∂Xpw acn°p∂Xpw. kµ¿`w Bhiys∏Sp∂ps≠¶n¬ AXnsemcp ¢otjbpan√. {]WbIYt]mse as‰¥p ¢otjbmWp≈Xv.
ckIcambn ssIImcyw sNøp∂nStØmfw Imew AXv \ne\n¬°p
Ibpw sNøp∂p''. hn{ipX \S\mb Nm¿en Nmπn≥ C‚¿hyq°mc\mb dn®m¿Uv sadnamt\mSv ]d™XmWv Cu hm°pIƒ. AtX, PohnXsØ
FgpXm\mWv Hmtcm FgpØpImcpw {ian°p∂Xv. AhnsSbmWv Nm¿en
Nmπns‚ hm°pIƒ tN¿∂pt]mIp∂Xv. Nnc]cnNnXhpw \nch[n
BfpIƒ FSpØp{]tbmKn°p∂Xpamb PohXsØØs∂ FgpXphm≥
XpSßptºmƒ AXv D]tbmKn®p]gInb Id≥kn t]mse apjn™p
t]mbn´pw Id≥knbmbXn\m¬ D]tbmKnt°≠n hcp∂t√m F∂v
Nn¥nt°≠Xn√ F∂mWv Nmπn≥ ]d™pXcp∂Xv. ImcWw, ]dbp∂ kµ¿`w, ]dbp∂ coXn, inev]KpWw F∂nhsb√mw FgpØns‚
]pXpasb \n¿Æbn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. AIv _ ¿ I°´n¬ IY
]dbm≥ XpSßnbn´v Imew Ipsdbmbn. ]t£, At±lw IY ]d™v
\sΩ apjn∏n°p∂n√. C\n Hcp IYIqSn ]dbq F∂v IuXpIw \nd™ IÆpItfmsS Bhiys∏Sp∂ Ip´nbpsS \njv°f¶amb Bhiyßsfbpw
\n¿_‘ßsfbpw \Ωn¬ kr„n°phm≥ I°´n¬IYIƒ°v Ignbp ∂p≠v.
AIv_¿ I°´nens‚ 2011˛se "B¨Ip´n' F∂ kamlmcØn¬
]Xnt\gv IYIfp≠v. IYIsfms°bpw ImeØns‚ Isøm∏v ]Xn™
hbmWv. \mw Pohn°p∂ Imehpw Pohn°p∂ PohnXhn[ßfpw
At±lØns‚ IYIfn¬ ]e cq]Øn¬ IS∂phcp∂p. PohnXØn\p
t\tc ]cmMvapJ\mbncn°m≥ Cu IYmImc\v sX√pw km[n°p∂n√

2

F∂mWv ]pXnb kamlmchpw hy‡am°p∂Xv. h¿Øam\Ime
PohnXØn\p t\tc D‰pt\m°ns°m≠v IYsbgpXp∂Xn\m¬ Cu
ImeØns‚ kt¥mjhpw k¶Shpw \ncmibpw \nkwKXbpsams°
IYbpsS `mhsØ \n¿Æbn°p∂hbmIp∂p.
\ΩpsS Imew _‘ßsf Agn®p]Wnbp∂hbpw A¿∞ßsf
A]tI{µnXam°p∂XpamWv. IpSpw_w, c‡_‘߃, {]mbw,
Ima\Iƒ, {]Xybimkv{X߃ F∂nhbpsS A¿∞ßsf
hymJym\n®psIm≠v \ne\n∂ncp∂ aqeyhyhÿbpsS Ip‰nIfn¬
\n∂v Ipsd hnSpXn t\Snb ImeØmWv \mw Pohn°p∂Xv. "2011˛se B¨Ip´n' F∂ ssS‰n¬IY Xs∂ CØcsamcp ]mTsØ \ΩpsS apºn¬ AhXcn∏n°p∂p. Hcphs‚ b∆\mcw`w apX¬ Ah≥ B¨Ip´nb√m XmIp∂p. ]n∂oSh≥ ]pcpj\mWv . b∆\hpw, a[yhb€pw,

hm¿≤Iyhpw ]n∂n´v Ah≥ ImetØmSp hnS]dbp∂p. CXmWv
km[mcW PohnXKXn. F∂m¬ ]pXpImew Ima\IfpsSbpw
eoeIfpsSbpw IuXpI ImgvNIsfbpw \qX\temIßtfbpw Xpd∂p
hbv°ptºmƒ Iuamcw ho≠pw IS∂phcmsa∂v B¨Ip´n ]dbp∂p. DtZymKØn¬\n∂v hncan®tijw HtcXcw Zn\cm{XßfneqsS IS∂p
t]mIptºmƒ P\m¿±\≥\mb¿°v PohnXw hnckm\p`hßfpsS
Bh¿Ø\amIp∂p. F≥.hn.IrjvWhmcyscgpXnbXpt]mse Htc
Im°naßembn PohnX°p∏mb߃ amdptºmgmWv Zot]jv F∂
Iuamc°mcs‚ IS∂phchv. BflhnizmktØmsS kzbw ]cnNb
s∏SpØm\pw CSn®ptIdn h¿Øam\w ]dbm\pw kt¶mNan√mØ
B¨Ip´n P\m¿±\≥\mbcnse B¨Ip´nsb Xncn®psIm≠phcp∂p. hm¿≤Iyw PohnXhmXnen¬ ap´nhnfn°ptºmƒ Abmƒ IuamcØn
te°p XncnsI t]mIp∂p. ka{]mb°mct\msS∂hn[amWv Zot]jv
P\m¿±\≥ \mbtcmSv kwkmcn°p∂Xv . ""bqSyq_v FSp°m≥
]Tn®t∏mgmWv Abmƒ°v lcw tIdnbXv'' F∂v P\m¿±\≥\mbcpsS am\knImhÿ BJym\w sNøptºmƒ B\µØns‚bpw

3

XamiIfptSbpw icochSnhpIfpsSbpw temIØn\p ap≥]n¬
Sot\PdpsS IuXpIßfpw \ap°bmfn¬ hmbns®Sp°mw. At∏mƒ
B¨Ip´nb√ "B¨'Ip´nIfmWv \ΩpsS apºn¬ {]Xy£s∏Sp∂Xv. ""Hms\mcp B¨Ip´nbm'' F∂ ]d®nense B¨Ip´nØØns‚
hymJym\߃ ]pXpIme kwkvImcØnt‚XmWv.
kv t \lØns‚ hymJym\Iebn¬ hnNn{Xm\p`hßfpsS
km[yXIfpw IqSn tN¿∂ncn°p∂p. ]eXcw kvt\l߃ \madnbp
∂p≠v. Nnet∏msgms° AXv {`m¥amImdp≠v. sekv_nb≥ t{]a Øn\v Np‰ph´ßfpsS B\pIqey߃ In´Wsa∂n√. acWIchpw
B]¬°chpamb kzh¿§t{]aØns‚ hgnbneqsSbmWv "K‘¿∆
\rØ'Ønse \oXp Zriysb Iq´ns°m≠pt]mIp∂Xv. ""acWw kvt\l Øns‚ tXmgnbmWv. Ahcncphcpw IqSnbmWv temIw `cn°p∂''sX∂v kn‹≠v

t{^mbvUv A`n{]mbs∏Sp∂p≠v. "K‘¿∆\rØ'Øn¬

kvt\lØns‚ t]cv acWsa∂mWv hmbns®Sp°m\mIp∂Xv. cXnbpsS kq£va \b\߃ sIm≠mWv \oXp Zriysb t\m°n°mWp∂Xv.
B t\m´w ÿqeamImØXn\m¬ IY IqSpX¬ kpµcamIp∂p.
]pXnb ImeØns‚ aqeyhn]cybw ]eXcØn¬ Cu
IYmkamlmcØnse IYIfn¬ hcp∂p≠v. sIme]mXI cmjv{Sobhpw
sIme sXmgnem°p∂Xpw IYbv ° v hnjbßfmIp∂p. "{]Xn',
"sIzmt´j≥', "Pm\InbΩam¿', "t^kv_pIv' F∂o IYIfn¬ Hcp
km[mcWm\p`hambn C∂p \mw Dƒs°m≠pIgn™ncn°p∂
sIme]mXIhrØnbpsS `mjy߃ ImWp∂p. sXmgnet\zjI\mb
_meIrjv W \v tImb°p´nlmPn hmKv Z m\w sNøp∂ sXmgn¬
sIzmt´j≥ BWv. _nkn\kpIm¿°pw cmjv{SobsshcnIƒ°pw th≠n Bsf sIm√m≥ Bbp[saSp°pI F∂Xv C∂v \√ sXmgnemWv,
AXns‚ t]cv sIzmt´j≥ F∂pw. Iøv, Imev, Xe F∂nßs\ sh´ens‚ t{KUv A\pkcn®v hcpam\hpw IqSnbpw Ipd™pancn°pw.

4

CØcØnep≈ sXmgnen\v In´p∂ kΩXnbmWv G‰w B]¬°cw.
tImb°p´nlmPn sXmgn¬ hmKvZm\w sNøptºmƒ _meIrjvW≥ AXv
kzoIcn°p∂p...
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