3Bulletin of Education & Research June 2008, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 33-41 Female Education and National Development: As Viewed By Women Activists and Advocates Saleha Parveen*
The term development is very broad and may be interpreted in different ways by different individuals. It is a global process of societal change that is planned cooperatively by government and international organizations with the full and informed participation of the inhabitants of the area to be developed. In fact the progress of any society largely depends on the effectiveness of its educational system and the best educational system is that which gives equal opportunities of getting education to all its members. Female literacy plays a very significant and crucial role in the development of nation especially in the economic development of a country. But Female Education in Pakistan, its status and standard particularly is at the lowest ebb. Thousands of girls’ otherwise intelligent and capable enough to get education, but are deprived of because of multifarious socio-cultural and economic reasons and gender prejudices. Due to this reason they are unable to play active role in the development of society. This study reflects the views of women activist about the role of females in national development and suggests necessary measures for improvement of the situation. Theoretical and Conceptual Framework of the Study
Generally speaking development means progress, growth and change. It is a broad term used in different ways by different educationist. According to C.V Good, development refers to, “Growth or change in structure, function, or organization, constituting and advance in size, differentiation, complexity, integration, capacity, efficiency, or degree of maturity”. (C.V Good, 1973).The concept of development represents the application of the general idea of progress in the socio-economic and political sphere of the nation. According to International Encyclopedia of Education, “The meaning of the term “development” has never bean well-defined and has been expanding constantly since its initial formulation. The relationship between development and education has therefore evolved with the meaning of the concept. Development initially referred to stage reached by some national societies, which were characterized by the ability to increase systematically the amount of goods and services available to its population through the application of science and technology to production. Education and in *Faculty of Education, University of Sindh, HyderabadSaleha 34 particular schooling, was conceived as one of the necessary preconditions of development” (Husen, 1985). Development in not only characterized by the growth of production and income, it is closely linked with and necessitates the evolution and transformation of economic and social structure. The combination of these factors results from the will for change, which itself is associated with the resolves of the governments in power and the mobilization of national efforts. The most important national resources for development are the human labor force / man power. According to Humla, “A productive labor force equipped with effective leadership and intelligent management skills is necessary requirement for successful development” (Khalid, 1990). The manpower for development during next years would come from our own present population of children (male and female), so we need to worry and plan for health, education, the skills training and the socio-cultural attitudes essential for responsibilities of development of our younger generation. The first training institution of our children is family especially mother, but unfortunately in our country most mothers are incapable of bringing up their children in a good manner because of their own illiteracy, poor health, and lack of recognition of social and legal rights. Literacy is the first step towards development. Education of women is the...
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