federal reserve

Topics: Monetary policy, Economics, Federal Reserve System Pages: 1 (456 words) Published: September 29, 2014
What are the pros and cons of the Federal Reserve? Make sure you discuss this from a public choice, knowledge problem and macroeconomic perspective. Should the fed remain independent or should it be subject to congressional (executive authority)? Alternatively, should it be abolished? If so what would a fed-less world look like? a. The benefits of the Federal Reserve are that it creates a notion of stability in the financial industry. The Federal Reserve was created to lessen the frequency of bank panics and to be a lender of last resort. Additionally, the Federal Reserve has taken a stance to improve macroeconomic performance in the United States by promoting full employment and production. Therefore, it staffs hundreds of researchers many of which are economist that study economic indicators. The data collected provided the Fed with an idea where the economy is heading and what action might be needed to stabilize the economy. The Federal Reserve was also created with many check and balances to diffuse centralized power, along with a form of independence to prevent political influence in its decision making. b. Unfortunately, the advantages of the fed are also what can be argued as its disadvantages. Firstly, many view the economy as naturally stable which will have times of expansion and contraction, and any of the feds attempts to fine tune the economy only promote economic inefficiency. Although the fed staffs many qualified individuals to study economic variables, the problem of not having all the current information still exists; therefore not only could incorrect decision be made but also the outside lag of the implementation of those decisions could further skew the economic data. Additionally, the feds macroeconomic policies only further distort simple economic signals such as the price mechanism. By raising or lowering the interest rates and increasing or decreasing the money supply the fed begins to send the incorrect information into the market....
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