Explain patterns and trends in health and ill health among different social groupings. Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings. Explain the measurement of health and the difficulties in measuring health. Eg. Morbidity rates, mortality rates, health events, disease incidence, disease prevalence, health surveillance, difficulties in measuring health (explain 3) Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings: patterns and trends according to, eg social class, gender, ethnicity, age, locality and risk behaviour (explain 3) Explain sociological explanations for patterns and trends in health and illness (artefact, natural/social selection, cultural/behavioural, materialist/structuralist)
In the measuring health, the doctors would have difficulties measuring people’s health as different doctors see other people’s health’s deferent to doctors. Difficulties in measuring health:
Information that is gathered from official sources may not have accurate pictures of patterns of health and illness. Some people who are ill are the ones that do not go visit the doctors however; the ones that are not ill do go visit the doctors. Ken Brown came up four stages for people that have a poor health. This is for the people to be labelled ‘sick’; 1. The person has to admit they’re ill.
2. They have to consider if they’re problem is serious enough to contact a doctor. 3. They have to go to the doctor
4. The doctor has to be persuaded so that they can label the person with the medical or mental problem as an illness that needs to be treated. Mortality rate
A mortality rate is a ratio of deaths in a area to population of that area expressed per year. It shows whether a country has good standards of living because if the country has a high stander, it tends to have a better health care system, for example, better hospitals and better doctors. However, countries with low living...