Explain patterns and trends in health and ill health among different social groupings. Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings. Explain the measurement of health and the difficulties in measuring health. Eg. Morbidity rates, mortality rates, health events, disease incidence, disease prevalence, health surveillance, difficulties in measuring health (explain 3) Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings: patterns and trends according to, eg social class, gender, ethnicity, age, locality and risk behaviour (explain 3) Explain sociological explanations for patterns and trends in health and illness (artefact, natural/social selection, cultural/behavioural, materialist/structuralist)
In the measuring health, the doctors would have difficulties measuring people’s health as different doctors see other people’s health’s deferent to doctors. Difficulties in measuring health:
Information that is gathered from official sources may not have accurate pictures of patterns of health and illness. Some people who are ill are the ones that do not go visit the doctors however; the ones that are not ill do go visit the doctors. Ken Brown came up four stages for people that have a poor health. This is for the people to be labelled ‘sick’; 1. The person has to admit they’re ill.
2. They have to consider if they’re problem is serious enough to contact a doctor. 3. They have to go to the doctor
4. The doctor has to be persuaded so that they can label the person with the medical or mental problem as an illness that needs to be treated. Mortality rate
A mortality rate is a ratio of deaths in a area to population of that area expressed per year. It shows whether a country has good standards of living because if the country has a high stander, it tends to have a better health care system, for example, better hospitals and better doctors. However, countries with low living standards tend to have the opposite. The difficulties in mortality rate is that it's very hard to keep in track because of the conflict and violence which is a common occurrence in counties as this leads to many deaths therefore it can mislead people as it is hard to keep in track of everyone who has died in a conflict. As this tends to happen, people believe that the countries population is unhealthy because of the amount of deaths. Mortality rate is measured as a rate, out of 100,000 people only 100 people die of cancer then the mortality rate is seen as 10 in 10,000. Morbidity rate
Morbidity rate are defined as ''the frequency with which a disease appears in a population.'' Morbidity rates are used by researchers as a guidline to see how common a disease is in the countries population. As this is being researched, the morbidity rate finds out what kind of people are going to be affected by it. Once they have been identified as to who is more likely to get the disease/illness, this effort can be made to provide the correct medication and healthcare.
Gender effects health and illness among society. The society people live in believe men are suppose to be strong so if a man goes to the doctors they are seen as weak, however women tend to visit the doctors to report the smallest illness. According to WHO, women tend to live longer then men because women have more long term illnesses. Women have stronger immune systems to protect them from diseases, however it's been said that women become ill more then men which can be due to hormones such as period pains. Men and women have different body parts therefore they have different side affects when taking a everyday drugs, such as antibiotics. Norms and expectations in a community can also affect health for example a young women may die in a accident because norms in the community show men as 'bold riskers'. in this graph, it shows the percentages of men and women who intake alcohol per month. in this graph ,...