Exegesis of Ephesians 5 21-33

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Ephesians 5:21-33 p
Principles of Biblical Interpretation RELI 3305 02
Instructor: W.B. Tolar
December 8, 2011
Jordan R. Laessig

Setting
The book of Ephesians was written by the apostle Paul (Ephesians 1:1) while in jail (Acts 28:16-31) between A.D. 60 and A.D. 62. While most agree that this letter was written to address the church of Ephesus, some scholars believe that because the name Ephesus was not mentioned in the book, Paul was writing to all churches in Asia Minor, and Ephesus was just the first to have the letter delivered. “Paul is born in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia (Acts xxii. 3, &c.): an Israelite, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew, i.e., one who spoke Hebrew (Phil. iii. 4, &c.); educated in Jerusalem under the celebrated Gamaliel (Acts xxii. 3); a Pharisee (Acts xxiii. 6, &c.); zealous of Jewish traditions (Gal. i. 13, 14, &c.); with his conscience pure (II. Tim.i.3); blameless (Phil. iii.6). [--] He becomes the persecutor of the church (I. Tim. i. 12, 13, &c.) consenting to the death of Stephen (Acts xxii. 20, &c.): making havoc--a word "applied to the wild boars which uproot a vineyard"--of the church (Acts viii. 3, 4, &c.); imprisoning, beating (Acts xxii. 19, &c.); persecuting unto death (Acts xxii. 4, 5); compelling Christians to blaspheme, and being exceeding mad against them he persecuted them even unto strange cities (Acts xxvi. 11)” Paul’s spread of the gospel to Ephesus was not likely to be the first introduction to the people but it is believed that “Priscilla and Aquila, an exceptionally gifted couple (Acts 18:26) who were left there by Paul on his second missionary journey (Acts 18:18-19). Located at the mouth of the Cayster River, on the east side of the Aegean Sea, the city of Ephesus was perhaps best known for its magnificent temple of Artemis or Diana, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Structure

The letter of Ephesians was written in the form of an epistle. An epistle usually was written for the purpose of instructing an individual or group of people, in this case the church of Ephesus. The letter was written from prison along with the books of Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon. “The first three chapters are theological, emphasizing NT doctrine, whereas the last three chapters are practical and focus on Christian behavior. Perhaps, above all, this is a letter of encouragement and admonition, written to remind believers of their immeasurable blessings in Jesus Christ; and not only to be thankful for those blessings, but also live in a manner worthy of them.” Paul understood the devil’s attacks on Ephesus and saw that they were content with their spiritual growth while being blinded by the false teachers and false doctrines around them. Paul encourages them to continue on by using the gifts and defenses of the Spirit to counter act the flaming arts and secret wolves the devil was attacking them with. Syntax

The passage Ephesians 5:21-33 is a direct command and instructional guide for what a godly marriage relationship looks like, what a man and woman’s roles are, and the importance marriage plays in salvation. The direct command from God, which is clearly stated in verses 22-25, 28-31, and 33, is an imperative instruction given from God to the subject, which in this case are wives and husbands. (Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. [23] For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. [24] Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit in everything to their husbands. [25] Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, [28] In the same way husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. [29] For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as Christ does the church, [30] because we are members of his body. [31] “Therefore a man...
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