Examination of Clinical Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Psychiatry Pages: 4 (1122 words) Published: April 13, 2014


Examination of Clinical Psychology

PSY/480
September 23, 2013
Amy McCall

Examination of Clinical Psychology
History of Clinical Psychology
Early conceptions of psychology derived from the Greeks. The ancient Greek way of understanding disease transported thought outside the control of the Gods and toward social, biological and psychological effects exchanged between the mind and body (Plante, 2011, p. 33). Aristotle, Hippocrates, Plato, and Aristotle each believed that the "spirit or soul as being in charge of the body and that problems residing in the soul could result in physical illness" (Mora, 1985), (Book Plante, 2011, p. 34). A Greek physician by the name of Galen (A.D. 130–200) was the creator of “a holistic program of medical practice that became the foundation of medicine in Europe for 1,000 years (Maher & Maher, 1985a; Mora, 1985)” (Plante, 2011). Galens beliefs and works were developed from the combined views and workings drawn from the likes of Plato and other great thinkers of that time as the framework for program. Similar to Hippocrates, Galen “used the humoral theory of balance between the four bodily fluids discussed previously as a foundation for treatments.” (Plante, 2011). According to Plante, “Unlike Plato, Galen felt that the soul was the slave and not the master of the body, and that wishes of the soul in the body resulted in health and illness.” (Plante, 2011). The reek methodology linking the body and mind to disease is most certainly rooted in the foundation and evolution of psychology as a profession of science. The Middle Ages was a time period crippled by disease caused from both physical and mental conditions, war, separation of church and the Black Plague. Treatment for conditions regarding mental health was treated spiritually. The people of that time believed that these illnesses were “spiritual matters such as the influence of demons, witches, and sin.” (Plante, 2011). The Renaissance era was the...
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