Evaluate Two Models or Theories of One Cognitive Process with Reference to Research Studies.

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Evaluate two models or theories of one cognitive process with reference to research studies. The two models or theories I will be looking at for the cognitive process of Memory are the Multi Store Memory Model and the Reconstructive Memory theory. I will be discussing the strengths and limitations of the model and the theory as well as including a few research studies to support my argument. The Multi Store Memory Model (MSMM) was founded by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) and was one of the first models on the structure of memory. It shows that something you remember begins as environmental stimuli and is then passed on as sensory memory. If the person is focusing on it or if it is believed to be important it is passed on to the Short-term memory. It is only through rehearsal that information can be moved to the Long-term memory. Once stored in the Long-term memory the information can be retrieved and passed back to the short-term memory and then back again. The MSMM allowed most of the development in memory research and it outlines a very basic structure of the memory systems that other research has only developed. But with the development in technology and in psychology it has been shown that although the model’s main claim is still accepted the model gives a very simplistic view of how the memory works and is largely wrong on some points. The importance of rehearsal for storage in the long-term memory has been questioned by Craik and Lockhart (1972) and it has also been found that the Long-term memory store is divided into different sections specializing in the storage of different types of memory. The MSM has also been criticized due to the fact that the model does not go into any detail about the processing of information in exception to the reference of attention and rehearsal. There have been many supporting pieces of research following the introduction of the Multi Store Memory Model. One very predominant one was the case of Clive Wearing, a man...
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