euthanasia

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Ryan Turney

AS90826 V1
Internal assessment ref no : RSt/3/3

TASK ONE

Question one what is euthanasia?

Euthanasia, also know as assisted suicide is an intention to action the death of someone whom is terminally ill, suffering and in a lot of pain. There are two types of euthanasia; passive and active. Passive euthanasia is conducted with out consent of the patient for example, someone who is brain-dead or on life support. Active euthanasia is when the patient is able to make the decision to end their own life and will be treated by doctors with a lethal drug. Euthanasia is usually used on a person who is terminally ill and wants to be relieved of suffering but there are other circumstances in which people want to be euthanasia.

Question two what are ethics?

Ethics are a deciding factor of what is right and wrong. You can look at an ethical view as definite or subjective. An example of this is how we deal with pain and death appropriately. The Catholic Church teaches us ethics from the bible and the 10 commandments. One of the most important teachings, Christian love is ‘love your neighbor’. Ethics are passed down through generations when our elders share experience and wisdom with us. Our family teaches us morals and the correct way to treat one another.

Question three why is euthanasia an ethical issue?

Ethics are taught by the Catholic Church to teach us how to differ between what is right and wrong. Euthanasia is an ethical issue because it involves ending someone’s life, which is a huge decision. Every case is different so the Catholic Church guides us through making tough decisions to insure that the final out come is good. From the church teachings, I believe euthanasia is never right under any circumstance.

Question four what are the sources of catholic ethics?

There are a few different sources of catholic ethics. Ethic teachings are mainly passed down via word of mouth teaching the respect and quality of human life. Ethics are taught and passed down through tradition, scriptures and magisterium. The magisterium focuses on the present Catholic Church giving instructions teaching us the correct way to act, correct values and correct ethics. The tradition and scriptures come from the bible where the stories of Jesus teach the correct way to treat one another.

TASK TWO A:

1. From which type of course is this response:

This response from the Magisterium. It comes from the papal Encyclicals of pop benedict XVI written in 2009 and is entitled ‘Caritas in vitiate: In charity and truth.

2. What key catholic ethical principles can be identified in this response:

This response states that it is important to have the correct motivation and energy to bring out the best in everyone “strive for a mans true good”. It talks about how we need to be sensitive, accepting and value one another. It also states how important it is to respect every individual person’s right to human dignity and life. We should all be equal and respect one another ‘‘respecting the fundamental right to life of every individual”. The response also highlights that if we legalize euthanasia then those who are sick may fear that their right to life may be taken from them. As the pope said “who could measure the negative effects of this kind of mentality for development”.

3. What does the letter mean by a materialistic and mechanistic understanding of human life?

The response is stating than when we loose respect and value for human life and focus on our own selfish needs we are damaging the dignity of humans. Treating them with a mechanistic and materialistic attitude like machine parts lacking any intrinsic relation towards each other, forgetting ethics and the church teachings to ‘love thy neighbor as you would love yourself’. The value of human life would be based on the cost to society of keeping that personal alive and pain free.

4. What sort of culture does the response see as resulting...
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