European Union and Secondary Education

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EUROPEAN STUDIES INTENSIVE PROGRAMME
University of Groningen, the Netherlands

2010
EUROPE BETWEEN EUROPEANIZATION AND GLOBALISATION

Student Name: F. Osvaldino N. Monteiro Home University: Deusto University Sub -theme: Socializing the Global in Europe: Micro-level and Regional developments Title of the Paper: “Reflecting about Secondary Education within the European Union in the context of knowledge-based Economy: the challenge of developing new competences”

Table of Contents
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................. 3  1-INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 4  2. THE SO-CALLED KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY AND ITS IMPLICATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL FIELD. ................................................................................................................. 6 

3. COMPETENCE: THE LEARNING PROCESS BY EMPHASIZING THE CAPACITY OF SOLVING PROBLEMS ................................................................................................................................ 10 

4. SECONDARY EDUCATION: SEARCHING FOR THE STRATEGY TO CONNECT TO THE SOCIETY .................................................................................................................................................. 12  5. KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY, NEW COMPETENCES AND SECONDARY EDUCATION: APPROACHING THE DEBATE WITHIN EUROPEAN UNION CONTEXT. ....................................... 14 

5- BIBLIOGRAPHY .................................................................................................................... 21  6- ANNEX .................................................................................................................................. 23 

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Abstract: The Knowledge-based Economy has been considered in the last decades to be a powerful economic imaginary. Every region in the world is trying to format its economic policies in a way that it can allow the full integration of information, technology and knowledge. These are the new raw materials for the 21st century. In this concern, the European Union has established, through the Lisbon Strategy (2000-2010) the goal of becoming the most competitive Knowledge-based Economy in the world. The materialisation of this goal depends on several social sectors. Among them, education, mainly Secondary Education, plays unquestionably, a great role. However, Secondary Education in the context of the European Union faces some obstacles which can impede it from contributing to this process of promoting a Knowledge-based Economy. The first obstacle is related to the fact that a large percentage of young workers within the European Union are skilled after lower Secondary Education due to the fact that a significant percentage of European Union Citizens aged 18-24 years drop out of school early. The second issue refers to the competences that students of Secondary Education are still developing. I propose that these competences might not be the ones that are indispensable to integrate positively in the so-called Knowledge-based Economy. It is in this context that the present paper will aim to address some issues. The fundamental objective of this paper is: to reflect about the solution for the above-mentioned problems. How to adjust the Secondary Educational curriculum in order to face new challenges imposed by the complex Knowledge-based Economy? Whether, European Union Member States should harmonise their educational systems or whether the strategy of open method of coordination is enough.

Key Words: Knowledge-based Economy, Competences, Secondary Education.

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1-Introduction The task of constructing an understandable analysis focused on the role that education can play in a given society is directly linked to the perspective elected, that is, the position of...
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