Ethos, Pathos and Logos in Select Articles

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Critical response to five articles/readings
Preface
In the five identified articles, Ethos, Pathos, and Logos have been used. Ethos is the form of persuasion where the persuader convinces the person of interest based on his good moral character, his goodwill, and good sense (Henning, p. 14). However, in the changing world, where one’s influence is now based on the outward appearance or the material possessions, the perception of ethos has changed, and is not based on a person’s moral character, but on his influence. Pathos is the persuasive argument based on engaging the party’s emotions to make him agree with the persuader. The persuader gains support of the person he or she addresses by creation of some emotional sense in relation to the subject of interest. Logos involves convincing the other party basing one's arguments on logic. Logical appeal may be inductive based on creation of a conclusion from a series of similar results over a period (Stockwood and Spiro, p 19). Alternatively, it can be deductive where a certain amount of similar results in the past is taken and used in the creation of a conclusion. The conclusion does not always apply in all cases. When deducting the argumentation employed in any story or article, it is important to understand the background of the characters and the topic in question. The context in which the character was compelled to convince others of the correctness of his argument is also important. The unifying elements in the five different articles are their basis of argumentation and the principles involved. The Aristotle’s argumentation have been applied variedly based on the situation fro example in the story “Where are you going, where have you been?” there is a man, Arnold, and a 15-years-old girl, Connie. Arnold uses the Pathos argumentative approach to convince Connie to come along with him, since he threatens her family’s safety if she refuses. In the story by Arthur Clarke, “The Nine Billion Names of God”, the theme is about monks trying to come up with all the possible names of God, which would consequently lead to the end of the world, as God's purpose for the man on earth would be completed. In this story, relating to the moral character of monks, indicates the application of the Ethos principle where the monks put out their argument to the computer operators. In the short story “Man to Send Rain Clouds”, the argumentative principle applied by the two brothers to the priest was by appealing to his emotions, as they knew that the priest had a helping heart, so they were certain that he could not refuse to help them. In “The Declaration of Sentiments and Revolutions”, the women are outraged, fighting for their freedom and their rights. This occurrence is explainable based on the logical theory that is the Logos Aristotle’s argument, where women are convinced based on the logical evidence available. “My people” is a speech by Chief Seattle towards the white settlers about their disregard for ancestral land. This emotive speech applies the Pathos principle, as it reaches human character on reverence for land and the dead ancestors.

Where are you going, where have you been?
The theme of this article can be described as informatory. This is because the author provides information about how kidnappers use persuasive language when they want to get their victims. The claim of this article is about Connie who is left alone at home only to encounter a stranger who wanted to kidnap her. The audience of the article include parents and young individuals who may fall victim to the tactics used by kidnappers. The tone that has been adopted in the article is descriptive. This is because the article describes how events takes place in the story. In one instance, the author narrates how Connie related with her mother and other members of her family including the father and elder sister (Oates, p. 1). In addition, the author offers a description of how Connie is visited by the...
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