Hispanic American Diversity
In the United States there are several Hispanic groups that led to a diverse culture of Hispanic Americans. The Hispanic Americans are not just from one culture but are from a multitude of cultures. Each culture has different views in regard to politics, religion, and even cultural customs. MEXICAN AMERICANS
Mexican Americans began immigrating slowly into the United States as early as the 1850’s. Migration initially was slow but began to pick up in the twentieth century. It has been a common trend for Mexican Americans to migrate into the United States to work and to return to Mexico periodically. “According to the 1990 Census Bureau report, approximately 12 million people of Mexican ancestry live in the United States, which represents 61.2% of the total Hispanic population (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).”
Today most Mexican Americans speak both Spanish and English. Spanish was the original language that most Mexicans spoke in their homeland. Today in the United States, “Spanish has remained the principal language of almost all Mexicans (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).” With each new generation born in the United States the use of the English language has became more dominant. The changes that the American Mexican has made to the use of the different languages are an example of how the American Mexican has assimilated to the American culture.
American Mexicans have different religious views. There are two main religions that the Mexican Americans choose as their religious beliefs the Catholic religion and the Protestant religion. Today the majority of Mexican Americans are of the Catholic religion. “The Mexican American population makes up two-thirds of the Catholics in the southwestern United States (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).” The remaining 25% of American Mexicans are of the Protestant religion.
The American Mexican people are generally stereotyped as migrant farm workers. The men of American Mexican families are not just employed as migrant farm workers the men have been employed in the industries of “mining, agriculture, transportation, construction, and ranching (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).” The women have found jobs as “farm workers, laundresses, and in domestic duties (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).” With the American Mexicans being employed in the general labor market the families have a relatively low income.
The low income in the American Mexican population leads to the strong familial values of the Mexican Americans. The core social structure of the family lies in the men being the dominant head of the house and the women are seen a secondary to the husband. The Husbands are the authority figure and often you will find that the family is very large and the extended families will live close together if not in the same house. It is important for the American Mexicans not only to make sure that the immediate family is taken cared but also the extended family is just as important. These views lead to a strong family ties among American Mexicans.
Typically the Mexican Americans are Democratic. However, the Mexican Americans have been very active in influencing the United States government. They have formed several political organizations. To challenge segregation, returning Mexican American veterans formed the Community Service Organization (CSO). The organization was founded in 1947 to promote social change within the Mexican American community (Englekirk & Marín, 2010). Other famous Mexican American political organizations include the “Mexican American Political Association (MAPA), the Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO), La Raza Unida (LRU), the La Alianza Federal de Mercedes (Federal Alliance of Land Grants) and the United Farmworkers of America (UFW) (Englekirk & Marín, 2010).” These organizations have been formed by well-known Mexican Americans that have played a major role in the history...