asked… to recall the circumstances when they first heard of the events to indicate how often they rehearsed this info R: 90% recalled the assassination of JF Kennedy in vivid details – highest no. 75% African Americans remembered FBM about assassination of ML King, but only 33% of Caucasian Americans could
Most participants recalled a personal FBM (eg death of a parent) C: Demonstrated FBM (as events unexpected, and of personal relevance in many ways) leaders of civil rights movements more personally relevant for A Americans FBM for personal event remembered by most – demonstrates
-> emotional significance/ relevance increases likelihood of being stored as FBM; scene printed onto memory(permanent) – detailed, accurate, resistant to forgetting E: No control condition to compare normal and FBM (assume FBM more accurate) -> methodological shortcoming
Historical bias; carried out in 1977, cultural and social norms different Sample bias (cultural); only Americans are used, cannot represent the whole Some may argue against; people don’t consider event as important till afterwards Eg. 9/11 – after knowing the seriousness, bigger impact
Post memories (Harsch and Neisser) affect accuracy in spite of...