Dyslexia is a severe mental disorder which deals with a person having difficulties learning. This medical syndrome occurs in all ethnicities and age groups. Dyslexia is not all about low intelligence, and a lot of people with dyslexia are very creative and gifted like prodigies. Around 15% of United States population is affected by learning disorders and the numbers are drastically increasing. One of the main causes of Dyslexia has to do with Genetics and two popular symptoms are incapability of relating symbols with sounds and repeated word guessing. Two treatments for dyslexia are Allopathic treatment and an organized language program which deals with letter sound system. I will demonstrate and describe Dyslexia’s medical aspects as well as it’ psychological and sociological features. According to the academic article “Dyslexia” written by Patricia G. Mathes and Jack M. Fletcher on page 289 “Dyslexia was first described more than 100 years ago.” At that time the cause of Dyslexia was by complexity in stocking up imagery impersonation of words. The first theory of dyslexia was called the strephosymbolia which was introduced by Samuel Orton and it acclaimed that children were having a hard time building control in the brain which lead to failure of suppressing mirror visual counterparts. However, Samuel Orton’s theory is not proven accurate but it persuaded other theories to come about as well as new treatments. (Mathes and Fletcher 289) “The underlying assumption being that by activating the auditory, tactile, and Kinesthetic modalities of learning, students are able to compensate for inherent weaknesses in the visual domain.” Even nowadays the Orton-Gillingham process of teaching reading is still used. These programs mainly focus on educating alphabetical interpretation and this also explains any success achieved by the patients. Treatments that do not involve multisensory methods but teach alphabetical decoding have also been successful. The results from these studies showed that imagery perception has nothing to do with reading skills and also that dyslexic and normal people have the same capacity of imagery perception. However, the precise cause of dyslexia has not been found yet but researches have shown that dyslexia is strongly bonded with genetics; this information is based on the article “Dyslexia” by Patricia G. Mathes and Jack M. Fletcher on page 291 “Studies of the heritability of dyslexia show that there is a strong genetic link for reading and reading disabilities.” A good example that proves this point is that an infant whose parents had reading or writing issues is really likely to have learning problems. Fraternal twins with genetic deficit being diagnosed with dyslexia are 50% and over 80% for Identical twins. Based on age, schooling and other traits the approximation of genetic involvement in dyslexia is anywhere from 50% to 80%. Chromosomes 6 and 15 have been recognized as the two genes involved in the cause of dyslexia. Studies have showed that Genetics is not evidently connected with dyslexia but with the reading skills. This research also illustrates that environment plays a huge role in deciding the reading conclusion in children. The development of reading issues in a child with genetic disposition for dyslexia also depends very much on what kind of reading facilities is the child offered at school and home. According to the article “Dyslexia” by Katy Nelson, N.D. on page 651”Diagnosis is difficult in part . . . rather than as a disease.” What makes is so hard to detect dyslexia is the fact that when during an examination of dyslexia the brain of the patient results in misunderstanding causing the patient to make mistakes and inaccurate information is taken. Based on the text “Dyslexia” by Ian Smythe it is stated on page 42 “It should be remembered that dyslexia has a genetic basis, and that at least one of the parent is at increased risk of being dyslexic.” This should be...
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