Unit 27

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There are many factors that lead children to having additional requirements for example genetic factors, developmental factors, environmental factors, accidents, other factors where the cause in unknown and Inherited factors. Genetic factors are things you are born with, this happens when a child’s genetic make-up goes wrong examples of genetic factors are Down syndrome and autism. Down syndrome is caused by a chromosome defect which involves having an extra 21st chromosome, long term effects of down syndrome is a shortened life expectancy and heart problems, another example is a person who suffers from Down syndrome are more at risk of contracting cancer the most common being leukaemia which is the cancer of the blood. There are also short term effects of Down syndrome and one example is development delays but with the correct support these can be overcome. Autism is a metal condition and can be recognised in a child from an early age. Long term effects of autism are a child can struggle to build relationships and this can lead them to be isolated later on in life. This can also affect their social and emotional develop. A short term effect of Autism is a child and suffers from some learning difficulties. Developmental factor is when a child had a disability but it only becomes noticeable when the child learns and develops examples of a developmental factor is Dyslexia and ADHD Dyslexia is a disorder that involves difficulty in learning to read and write, there will also be problems with distinguishing letters and numbers. Long term effects of dyslexia are a child never learning how to read or write and some short term effects of dyslexia is that children has short term memory loss and develop delays. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or as it’s known ADHD is a disorder affected by the metabolism and mainly effects men. Long term effects of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is that behaviour can become aggressive and violent and possibly injury...
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