Environment

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The grand industrial development, the successful Green Revolution, the transport explosion, the rapid growth of cities and haphazard management of natural resources have adversely affected environmental balance. Environ­mental pollution in India has increased manifold, One of the greatest problems confronting the modern civilized world is pollution, which literally means fouling the natural habitat and environment. Air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise pollution are some types of pollution.

Nearly 175 million hectares of land (35% of India's total land area) is subject to serious environmental degradation. Hardly 10.12 per cent of the total area is under adequate tree cover. In fact deforestation, siltation, water, air and noise pollution, sanitation—all are threatening not only the quality of life rather the very survival of human beings.

It is doubtless that industrialization has done a great good to mankind. It has also led to urbanization. But the haphazard growth of modern cities, industrial cities, migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created and unhealthy environment. It has given rise to overcrowding, slums, juvenile delinquency, inadequate air amenities, addiction to drugs and alcohol and crime are some results. People living in big cities no longer breathe the fresh air and see any green, open spaces. There is lot of noise pollution in big cities and it is almost impossible to get rid of this. There should be a regular check on the use of loud-speakers, indiscriminate use of horns by the motorists. Medical experts have warned that the excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness and create other health problems which can do irreversible damage to the well being of man.

Air pollution is another example of how the growth of modern industry and means of transport have played havoc with man's environment. One of the worst agents of aerial pollution is the smoke being belched out by the chimneys of the...
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