Energy: Ecology & Economy
April 4, 2011
Instructor: Dr. Eric Malm
Pollution can take many forms. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the ground where we grow our food, and even the increasing noise we hear every day all contribute to health problems and a lower quality of life. Pollution is everywhere. Pollution is the unwanted introduction of substances that harm or destroy the atmosphere and our environment. The Economy is slowing; third world nations have political unrest. Our culture is more focused on obtaining material possessions then addressing our geological problems. In this essay I am going to identify the history, causes of pollution, effects on our planet, and the solutions to the Problems of pollution in our world.
With the growth of cities and industrialization urban waste and pollution are an important part of history. From the rise of the first urban settlements until the emergence of mega cities in the 20th century, the scale and intensity of pollution has increased. Here is a brief history of pollution on our planet. In Ancient Civilizations air pollution was common it came from dust, wood smoke, tanneries, animal manure and other things. Water pollution was less severe in come civilizations. Israel and Hindu cities tend to have less pollution due to strict religious codes about cleanliness. During the Middle Ages in the Renaissance area timbering in the foresting in England, France, German leaves large areas of deforestation. This led to the change to using coal as a replacement for wood as a use of power. The Era of Enlightenment reason begins to overcome superstition. Also during this period Ben Franklins starts his flight against Water Pollution. He led of group of Philadelphians to petition the government to stop tannery factories from dumping in the creek, a tributary of the Delaware River. He was trying to create awareness about socially responsible investing. The petition stopped the dumping, and helped to set a precedent for the future fight against water pollution. Ben Franklin was a big proponent of the good quality of life through a healthy environment. He advocated for socially responsible investing. He was a keen observer and worked hard to keep the city of Philadelphia’s environment clean and pure for all its citizens. He saw the necessity for green business even back then. He believed that people could be better and healthier also, by making a few changes in their lifestyle. His foresight, savvy observation, and determination to create awareness for environmentally conscious companies to protect the environment, are many of the reasons Ben Franklin is a genius in American history. Anther important person during the Era of enlightenment was Thomas Robert Malthus. Malthus was a British scholar; influential in controversial, in economic, political, social and scientific thought. Malthus thought that the dangers of population growth depends on the sustainability of the earth “ The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in earth to produce subsistence for man”. In many ways these men were the founding fathers of our environmental polices that we see today. The industrial revolution led to horrifying living conditions people began to understand that unsanitary living conditions and water contamination contributed to disease epidemics. This new awareness prompted major cities to take measures to control waste and garbage. Progress is slow but the common interest was to establish purr drinking water and sanitation. This was because of the epidemics of typhoid. Conservation of wilderness also started to take place because of a extremely old tree called the “mother of the forest”. Mother of the forest was an ancient and huge Sequoia Dendron tree. The tree lived in the Sierra Nevada Mountains in eastern central California, United States. In the mid-1850s, Chicago built the first major sewage system in the...