English Physician: Sir William Withey Gull

Topics: Tuberculosis, Syphilis, 19th century Pages: 2 (701 words) Published: March 19, 2013
Next, Sir William Withey Gull discovered Tabes Dorsalis in 1856. He was one of the first clinicians to describe pathological lesions in Tabes Dorsalis. He was born on December 31, 1816 and died on January 29, 1890. Tabes Dorsalis (progressive locomotor Ataxia) is a rare form of territory syphilis. It involves sensory deficts, loss of neuromuscular coordination, and diminished reflexes. The NINDS states, “We support and conduct research on neurodegenerative disorders, such as Tabes Dorsalis, in an effort to find ways to prevent, treat, and ultimately cure these disorders”. Tabes Dorsalis is a slow degeneration of the nerve cells and nerve fibers that can carry sensory information to the brain. The degenerating nerves are in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord and carry information that help maintain a person’s sense of position. Tabes Dorsalis is the result of an untreated syphilis. Symptoms result from degeneration of the dorsal roots of the spinal cord. Tabes Dorsalis is seldom fatal. Elimination of the causative organism, Treponema Pallidum, with penicillin may relieve pain but does not reverse nervous degeneration. Therapy otherwise may prevent further deterioration. Also, Tuberculosis (also known as TB) is a disease caused by a type of bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. When someone with untreated Tuberculosis coughs or sneezes, the air is filled with droplets containing bacteria. Inhaling these infected droplets is the usual way a person gets TB. Tuberculosis was one of the most dreaded diseases of the 19th century. TB was the eighth leading cause of death in children 1-4 years of age during the 1920’s. This primary infection usually revolves on its own as a child develops immunity over a 6-10 week period. In most cases, only a tuberculin skin test (used to figure out if someone has been infected) is positive, indicating that the child has been infected. Children with a positive tuberculin test, even if they show no disease, will...
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