Hcs 245 Week 5 Final Presentation Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis

University of Phoenix
Introduction to Health and Disease
HCS 245

March 09, 2013

Tuberculosis
Transmission of Tuberculosis in the 1800-1900’s
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. Also known as TB, tuberculosis bacteria attacks the lungs in most cases but can attack other parts of the body. If not treated properly tuberculosis can be fatal. Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterium spread from person to person. According to the CDC, Center for Disease Control, “TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings”("Tuberculosis facts," 2012, p. 1). Tuberculosis cannot be spread by touching an infected person, sharing food or drink, sharing toothbrushes, or from kissing. Transmission has not changed throughout the centuries. Inhalation

Inhalation is the act of breathing in. You breathe in air, medicine, dust, allergens, and disease. When a person infected with tuberculosis coughs or sneezes they projectile spread droplets into the air around them for others to inhale. Cough, sneeze, sing, spit

In the 1920’s campaigns started to bring awareness to the public about the spread of disease. Posters helped bring awareness that covering your mouth when coughing, sneezing, singing, or spitting was the best way to prevent the spread of airborne disease. A single sneeze can release 30-40,000 droplets into the air from one person. Inhalation of 10 or less infected droplets can cause the person to contract tuberculosis. Poor living conditions

When cities began growing in the 1800’s across America the poor population gathered on the outskirts of the city to create their own living areas. These parts of the city were without proper sanitation and waste removal creating a myriad of disease among the poor. Tuberculosis was a fast spreading disease because those infected did not know they were spreading the disease. Poor ventilation

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