Eng 102 Appendix E

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Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources

Be brief.
Reflect key facts or ideas.
Help readers understand context.
Do not insert personal views.
Write in your own words, except for quotations.
Schools across the United States are taking millions of dollars in funding cuts. The schools are doing what they can to stay afloat in the economic crisis. Some are cutting sports programs, teachers, shortening school years, omitting summer school, and charging parents for all day kindergarten. Also, this article shows that while public school enrollment is dropping, private school enrollment has stayed steady.

Billups, Andrea. (2009). School budget cuts threaten gains. Washington Times. Retrieved April 8, 2010 from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/mar/11/schools-cut-budgets-where-it-hurts-children-most/


Use details.
Reflect the structure of the source.
Reflect the ideas of the original author.
Do not insert personal views.
Write in your own words, except for quotations.So far, money from the federal stimulus has kept many schools from making drastic cuts (Dillon, 2010). Journalist Sam Dillon (2010) stated that the governments’ $100 billion stimulus for education will run out in some states before the end of the term, according to resent statistics. Officials are calling this a “funding Cliff” (Dillon, 2010).

Dillon, Sam. (2010). With Federal Stimulus Money Gone, Many Schools Face Budget Gaps. The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=47926327&site=ehost-live


Choose a well-stated key idea.
Use a verb of attribution to introduce the quotation; for example, He claimed, She reported, they assert). •Punctuate correctly.
Cite in APA format.
She stated that “This budget request will enable us to continue to deliver results for all children under No Child Left Behind, and it...