Employability in Asia

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UNESCO Bangkok
Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN ASIA

GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN ASIA

GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN ASIA

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Published by UNESCO Bangkok Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education Mom Luang Pin Malakul Centenary Building 920 Sukhumvit Road, Prakanong, Klongtoey Bangkok 10110, Thailand

© UNESCO 2012 All rights reserved

ISBN: 978-92-9223-395-2(Electronic Version)

The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The authors are responsible for the choice and the presentation of the facts contained in this book and for the opinions expressed therein, which are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. UNESCO Bangkok is committed to widely disseminating information and to this end welcomes enquiries for reprints, adaptations, republishing or translating this or other publications. Please contact ikm.bgk@unesco.org for further information.

Design/Layout: Sirisak Chaiyasook Front cover photo: © UNESCO/S. Chaiyasook

APE/12/OS/011-E

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GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN ASIA

Contents
Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Employability of graduates in Asia: an overview of case studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Graduate employability in Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Employability of graduates in Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Employability of graduates in the Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 IT graduates employability: Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Appendix 1: Enhancing graduate employability at the International Islamic University Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN ASIA

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Acronyms
ACS ADB AEC APEID ASEAN BLES BPO CCAC CEDF-IT CGPA CHED CSO FMM FSP HEI ICT IIUM ILO IPPTN IT LFS MEF MNC MoHE MTPDP MUET NCCAC NGO NSCB NSO PBL PRC PSDC PWD RAP SME SMI UI UiTM UNESCAP UNESCO UTM UUM Alumni and Career Services Asia Development Bank ASEAN Economic Community Asia-Pacific Programme of Educational Innovation for Development Association of Southeast Asian Nation Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics Business Process Outsourcing Co-curricular Activity Centre Cebu Educational Foundation for IT Cumulative Grade Point Average Commission on Higher Education Civil Society Organization Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers Finishing School Programme Higher education institution Information and Communication Technology International Islamic University Malaysia International Labour Organization Institut Penyelidikan Pendidikan Tinggi Negara Information Technology Labour Force Survey Malaysian Employers Federation Multi-national Corporations Ministry of Higher Education Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan Malaysian Universities English Test Non-credit Co-curricular Activity Centre Non-governmental Organization National Statistical Coordination Board National Statistics Office Problem-based Learning Professional Regulation Commission Penang Skills Development Centre People with a Disability Rapid Assessment Process Small Medium Enterprise Small medium industry Universitas Indonesia Universiti Teknologi MARA United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Universiti Utara Malaysia

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GRADUATE...
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