Emotional Development

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Emotion is an opinion or affect that occurs when a person is in a state or interaction that is pertinent to the person. Behavior that expresses the pleasantness or unpleasantness of the position he or she is in, or the transaction he or she is experiencing emotions. In The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animal, Charles Darwin (1872/1965) stated that the facial expressions of humans are inherited, not learned; that these expressions are the same in all cultures around the world; and that they evolved from the emotions of animals. Although, there is some truth to this theory, I do not totally agree with the findings. When children moan, we call it a frown. When they laugh we, call it a smile. When we say boo, we call it surprise. However, as a child grows older; the upbringing of the child and the environment can significantly change how the child’s reacts emotionally. From conception, to a child’s first day of school social development advances at a pace excelling that of any points of life. Infants thru preschoolers age in emotional regulation, bonds, awareness, motor development and language. These abilities form the basis from which all future developments create a foundation for the child. Whether that foundation is sturdy or fragile, depends on the quality of the child’s early environments and relationships. Human relationships are the building blocks for healthy development. Positive relationships profoundly influence a child’s ability to perform later success in school and life. There are four main groups of socialization involved in the existence of many children. The four key groups are family, school, peers and mass media. Religion is another group that has an impact on a child’s social development. For the first few years, the household makes up most of a child's social development. Once the child ages; the child will start school, new people begin to develop a child's social circle. Family is one of the most influential groups of socialization. At the child’s level, social-emotional interventions should target children's ability to communicate their emotions in appropriate ways, regulate their emotions, solve common problems, build positive relationships with peers and adults in their environments, and engage in and remain in challenging tasks. These types of behaviors are ideal for preparing children for social and academic success as they progress from early childhood settings to formal schooling. Having a supportive family gives the child or children the foundation to grow on these targets. Positive families encourage a child’s social and emotional development by helping improve the child's confidence. Accepting and respecting their efforts builds their confidence; and teaches the child to accept and respect others. Family can help the child to develop positive thinking by having a positive attitude. Having a structured day helps the child feel confident and secure. Setting positive examples with the family behavior helps the child manage their own behaviors. Allowing children to express their feelings will help them to develop emotionally. Family should be the first to see to the needs of the child’s social, physical, and emotional development. The role of the family has the greatest impact on the child’s social and emotional development of all the other groups, without sound principles of family, learning to be social could be extremely difficult for the child who did not have a family. Today’s developmental structure has two views, the continuity theory and stability in how children deal with other people; discontinuity view and change. The continuity theory believes in early parent-child relationships affect children even as they grow older. It is so vital for the family to help children receive their needs as an infant to young adult. The discontinuity view believes that as children grows up the relationship changes between family and friends. Thus, giving the family another reason to be...
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