Ecological crisis are indeed a true crisis of humanity. Whenever man tried to progress and advance further, crisis inevitably took place. It has been seen that man always had to pay very dearly when he make some progress. When the Industrial revolution hit Europe in the 19th century, the world hailed the advent of the glorious new age. It was a brave new world-a world of steam engines and motor cars. Then came aeroplanes, spacecrafts and finally computers. Great cities all over the earth echoed with the sound of factory sirens and the roar of machinery. However did anyone foresee the havoc that was to be caused by this attack on nature. In our day, there is a growing awareness that world peace is threatened not only by the arms race, regional conflicts and continued injustices among peoples and nations, but also by a lack of due respect for nature, by the plundering of natural resources and by a progressive decline in the quality of life. The sense of precariousness and insecurity that such a situation engenders is a seedbed for collective selfishness, disregard for others and dishonesty. Faced with the widespread destruction of the environment, people everywhere are coming to understand that we cannot continue to use the goods of the earth as we have in the past. The fact that many challenges facing the world today are interdependent confirms the need for carefully coordinated solutions based on a morally coherent world view. The public in general as well as political leaders are concerned about this problem, and experts from a wide range of disciplines are studying its causes. Moreover, a new ecological awareness is beginning to emerge which, rather than being downplayed, ought to be encouraged to develop into concrete programs and initiatives.
HISTORY OF ECOLOGICAL CRISIS
Ecological crisis occurs when the environment changes in such a way that it destabilizes its continued survival. The history of ecological change or crisis is still so rudimentary that we know little about what really happened, or what the results were. For example, the extinction of the European aurochs as late as 1627 would seem to have been a simple case of overenthusiastic hunting. On more intricate matters it often is impossible to find solid information. People, then, have often been a dynamic element in their own environment, but in the present state of historical scholarship we usually do not know exactly when, where, or with what effects man-induced changes came. As we enter the last third of the 20th century, however, concern for the problem of ecological backlash is mounting feverishly. When the first cannons were fired, in the early 14th century, they affected ecology by sending workers scrambling to the forests and mountains for more potash, sulphur, iron ore, and charcoal, with some resulting erosion and deforestation. But it was not untill some generations back that when man arranged a marriage between Science and Technology, the devastation of atom bomb was a different order which alters the genetics of life forms on earth. When both technology and science got their start, acquired their character, and achieved world dominance, it would seem that we cannot understand their nature or their present impact upon ecology. Since then, the crisis and issues upon ecology set its foot and thus environmental crisis was the gift of modern development and progress. Infact science and technology are not only to be blamed, the decisive nature of man’s mindset upon them has also brought a critical transition to a great extend.
THE PRESENT SCENIRO OF ECOLOGICAL CRISIS
There is no doubt today that a major dimension of the present multidimensional crisis, which extends to the economic, political, cultural and general social level, is the ecological crisis, namely the crisis which concerns not the relations between social individuals,...