October 29, 2012
For several years, the earth and its environment have struggled to rally the needs of the rapid growth in populations, altered habitats, and global warming, which has caused a global impact on the balance between man and nature. The problems among the environment do not affect one group of people or living thing; the entire world population is affected by environmental problems. Every living thing on earth can impact the environment. For people to keep earth healthy, aide in solving environmental problems, and achieve sustainability of the earth as it evolves, one must understand the fundamental principles of environmental science.
Environmental science can be defined as the study of human interactions with the environment. “It is the interdisciplinary field that combines information from many disciplines such as biology, geography, chemistry, geology, physics, economics, sociology (particularly demography, the study of populations), cultural anthropology, natural resource management, agriculture, engineering, law, politics, and ethics” (Berg & Hager, 2009, p1.4).
Technology and science affect environmental problems and solutions in today’s society. Technology and science together do support society by aiding in the development of new discoveries for living but also introduces harmful and damaging effects to the environment. Technology and science helped create fossil fuels to gas and power vehicles. Fossil fuels are harmful to the environment, as it is burned; it gives off greenhouse gases polluting the environment. In today’s society, new technologies amongst various fields have or have already been created on an everyday basis. The advancements in science and technology continue to grow and can have unfavorable effects on the environment worldwide. Introducing new technologies means the production of new factories, more industrialization and can create pollution. Industrialization does have its benefits; creating better machines, production, and supply increase, cost factor, export increase, and the expansion of businesses, which would create more jobs for the individuals in that country. Environmental problems occur when that specific technology is not used with sensitivity or used improperly. Newer technology does aide in cleaning up what old technology did to the environment; however, new technologies do have side effects and consequences not implemented in the technology, it is a constant circle.
The concept of environmental sustainability is important and should be studied. Environmental sustainability builds and preserves the conditions under which any living thing exists without compromising future generations. It is vital for countries worldwide to be knowledgeable of environmental sustainability as it relates to human quality of life. Environmental sustainability includes living within limits that allow renewable resources to regenerate for future needs. Environmental sustainability should be studied to help protect the earth. Humans on earth do not operate sustainably because of specific behaviors (Berg & Hager, 2009). The activities of humans for years have affected the environment. These behaviors include using excessive or misusing nonrenewable resources, such as fossil fuels, and using renewable resources, such as fresh water. These behaviors of humans are patterns that date back from years ago. Unsustainable patterns, for example would be the production and consumption of gas, or through human migration; people moving to new areas are unaware. For example, when Europeans invaded North America, North Americans used unsustainable behaviors because of the lack of knowledge, values, and technologies. When European immigrants migrated to Great...