Emergency Department Models of Care

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  • Topic: Hospital, Emergency department, Urgent care
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Emergency Department Models of Care
July 2012

NSW MINISTRY OF HEALTH 73 Miller Street NORTH SYDNEY NSW 2060 Tel. (02) 9391 9000 Fax. (02) 9391 9101 TTY. (02) 9391 9900 www.health.nsw.gov.au This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for study or training purposes subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgement of the source. It may not be reproduced for commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those indicated above requires written permission from the NSW Ministry of Health. © NSW Ministry of Health 2012 SHPN (HSPI) 120204 Further copies of this document can be downloaded from the NSW Health website www.health.nsw.gov.au or Emergency Care Institute NSW website www.ecinsw.com.au August 2012

Contents

Executive Summary ........................................... 1 Section 1 The need for Emergency Care Models............................4

Section 2
The ideal ED patient journey ..........................................6

Section 3
Emergency Department Models of Care.........................9

Section 4
Streamlining access to acute care .................................39

Section 5
Other Community healthcare services ..........................52

Section 6
Monitoring measures ...................................................56

Section 7 Self-Assessment Tools .................................... 57 Section 8 References ...................................................................58

Models of Emergency Care NSW HEALTH PAGE 1

Executive Summary

Since the publication in 2006 of the ‘Emergency Models of Care’ document for NSW Hospitals, the acceptance and implementation of emergency care models have broadened. This has been coupled with the creation of new models to assist Emergency Departments (ED) to provide safe and timely access to emergency care. Six years later, PricewaterhouseCoopers has been engaged to, in consultation with the NSW Ministry of Health (NSW Health), the Emergency Care Institute and the community of those involved in Emergency Care, revise this document. In 2011, NSW Health carried out a review to discover what current models of care (MOC) are in place in EDs and the effectiveness of these models for managing demand for their services. The review identified challenges faced by EDs in the operation of current models, key principles required for models to operate effectively and monitoring measures for ongoing review and quality improvement. The review also aimed to create a standardised suite of models of care to assist hospitals to provide access to timely, safe and quality emergency care and to meet the National Emergency Access Target. Based on this review and our consultations, this revised Models of Emergency Care Document (the Document) includes ten Emergency Department models of care and a number that are external to the ED and support the hospital in managing demand for emergency care. Each model has been designed to facilitate the ideal patient journey through ED. The Document includes models that are likely to be in place in EDs currently and require revision, as well as those that have been newly developed in NSW. It is intended that Hospital Executives and the ED use the Document to: ■



Complete a self-assessment of each relevant MOC to identify opportunities for improvement within their own hospitals, as well as to identify key areas that require ongoing monitoring for their effectiveness.

After considering the components of each model, the ED and hospital should have a clear understanding of how the model works, what data is required to demonstrate a need for the model, key factors required to implement the model and measures to assess the model’s effectiveness. The Document also describes the benefits and challenges experienced by EDs who have previously introduced these Models of Care. Reflecting on these lessons, the hospital and ED can plan accordingly for a model’s implementation in their own...
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