ELEMENTS OF GRAMMAR
Subjects and predicates
Large doses of alcohol act as a depressant.
doses - A simple subject is the single noun or pronoun which identifies what the sentence is about or produces the action of the sentence act - The simple predicate is the main sentence verb
Types of nouns
A noun identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are introduced with definite or indefinite articles, or with a limiting word (like a number, a demonstrative pronoun, or a relative pronoun). Some generic or abstract nouns take no introducing element at all. a.
[proper nouns] Judge Thompson ruled against Dan./ Proper nouns are capitalized and name a particular person, place or thing. b.
[common nouns] The judge ruled against Dan./ Common nouns refer to general persons, places, or things; they are not capitalized c.
[mass nouns] The air was fragrant with the smell of lilacs. / Mass nouns designate things which cannot be counted: water, air, dirt, sugar are all examples of mass nouns d.
[concrete nouns] Please place the clock on the mantle. / Concrete nouns name tangible objects e.
[abstract nouns] Ambition is a two-edged sword. / Abstract nouns designate intangible ideas, emotions, qualities f.
[collective nouns] The family went on vacation together. / Collective nouns are always singular in form (and take singular verb forms) but are plural in meaning or sense. ·
Types of verbs
A verb is the main word in the predicate of a sentence, and it expresses an action, describes an event, or establishes a state of being. a.
[transitive verbs] George built a treehouse for his son. / Transitive verbs transfer action from an agent (the subject of the sentence) to a person, place, or thing which receives that action. b.
[intransitive verbs] Mona smiled slyly. / Intransitive verbs indicate action, but they act on nothing (there is no object) c.
[linking verbs] Joan seems content in her new position. / Linking verbs let the word or words following the linking verb...
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