The Role of Electronic Health Records and Health Information Exchange in the Delivery of Quality Healthcare R Arku
Community College of Allegheny County
Health Information Technology, Cohort 5
Data Collection Challenges7
Electronic Records and its influence on quality9
Data Infrastructure – Performance Measurement Foundation11
Quality Measurements and Data Extraction11
Conclusion – EHRs Preparations12
Policy makers, Physicians, Clinicians and other health workers have in recent years, changed their demand for health information data due to changing trends in demand by clinicians and consumers for healthcare information. A very critical issue in clinical work processes is the handling of large quantities of data. There is therefore the need for well-defined communication and analysis of clinical information without which healthcare professionals and will not benefit from existing knowledge in certain areas of healthcare. Health Information Exchange and Electronic Health Records are essential for the continuity of care for patients and necessary for healthcare providers to be able to share documentation and communicate information readily with Electronic Health Records (EHR). This demand has led to the need to promote healthcare standards and to allow for use of electronic health records and health information exchange to promote quality health care. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview on the role of Health Information Exchange and Electronic Health Records in provision of quality healthcare.
A blend of socio-economic, technological and political factors has brought pressure to bear on healthcare providers to put measures in place that will promote efficient and quality healthcare delivery both at the federal and state levels. The purpose of this paper is to provide some insight into how Electronic health records and Health information exchange can enhance quality healthcare delivery through meaningful use. With changing demands for information in clinical and patient care so have requirements and habits related to information consumption. There are inherent challenges associated with the changing demands; the solutions however to these demands are evolving daily. With the dynamics of technology and new trends in available solutions, we all need to educate ourselves to keep up with the rapid technological changes in healthcare. The significance of current trends in healthcare and the evolution of EHRs is intertwined with the emergence of Health Information exchange (HIE) and the spurge of different EHR vendors on the market has also led to the establishment of standards to streamline and ensure consistency in Health Information exchanges along a wide spectra of requirements, such code sets e.g. ICD-10 for diagnoses, HL7 for information exchanges as well as HIPAA standards. This has led to the need for Health Information exchange using information technology, thus leading to the evolution of electronic health records (EHRs) which is the pivot of every Health Information Exchange system. The evolution of automated EHRs was originally championed by Academic Medical Centers. The above factors are serving as a vehicle for change in the healthcare domain for providers and consumers alike. “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), specifically the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) provisions, developed a program to create and accelerate health information exchange capacity within and across the states”.(Covich et al., 2001). Contrary to that, it has been noted that, Electronic health Records is one thing that holds a promise mainly to improve the quality of healthcare and provide mechanisms that will enable healthcare personnel to lower care costs (Patricia, 2009). The...